Thursday, 10 October 2019

"The sun rises between the two horns of the devil." What does this hadith mean?

The Answer
Dear Brother / Sister,
Abdullah Ibnu Amr Ibnil-As narrates: "The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said,
"The time of the noon prayer is when the sun passes its peak and a man's shadow is the same length as his height. It lasts up to the time when the time period for the afternoon prayer starts. The time period for the afternoon prayer ends when the sun becomes pale. The time period for the evening prayer ends when the twilight disappears. The time period for the night prayer is up to the middle of the average night. The time period for the morning prayer starts from the appearance of dawn and ends when the sun rises. As soon as the sun rises, stop performing prayers because it rises between the two horns of the devil." [Muslim, Masajid 173, (612); Abu Dawud, Salah 2, (396); Nasai, Mawaqit 15, (l, 260).]
According to what Ahmad b. Hanbal narrates from Bazzar and what Tabarani narrates from Samura b. Jundub, the Prophet (pbuh) said,
“Do not perform prayers when the sun rises and when it sets. For, the sun rises between the two horns of the devil and sets between the two horns of the devil." (Haythami, Majmauz-Zawaid, 2/255)
The following statements exist in another narration:
“The Messenger of Allah ordered us to perform prayers any time of the day and night but he ordered us to avoid performing prayers when the sun rose and set. He stated the following to explain the reason:
Satan sets and rises with sun when the sun sets and rises with it.” (Haythami, Majmauz-Zawaid, 2/256)
EXPLANATION:
Ibn Hajar makes the following explanation related to the phrase "the two horns of the devil" mentioned in the hadith:
"The two horns of the devil (Satan) means the two sides of his head. The following is stated: Satan stands in the same line as the place where the sun rises; when the sun rises, the two sides of the head of the devil remain in the middle so that those who worship the sun prostrate before him when they prostrate before the sun. The same thing is in question when it sets. Thus, the rising of the sun between the two horns of the devil is according to a person who watches the sun when it rises. If he watched the devil, he would see the devil standing before the sun."
After stating that the two sides of the head of the devil is meant by the two horns – as it is stated in the explanation of Ibn Hajar -, Ibnul-Athir uses the word “qila” (it was stated) and explains that the sub-meanings of the word were considered: The word "qarn (horn)" also means power/strength in Arabic. That is, when the sun rises, the devil takes action, attacks and gets position to help the sun.''
Ibnul-Athir also attracts attention to the fact that the phrase the two horns in the hadith is also understood as two eras. 
"The following is stated: "Between two eras means ‘two ummahs from the previous and future ones’. They are a simile for those who prostrate before the sun when it rises: It looks as if Satan organized this heresy. When a sun-worshipper prostrates before the sun, it is as if Satan is next to the sun.''
We can add the following to the explanations of the scholars above: The religion of Islam determined the deadline for the performance of the morning prayer as the time of sunrise. In that case, it is necessary for a believer to get up before the sunrise to perform the fard morning prayer for his Lord. The prayer performed when the sun rises is not valid. If the sun rises when a prayer that is started before the sunrise continues, that prayer becomes invalid; it has to be performed again as qada later.    The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) mentions this issue, which has a very important place in the religion of Islam, by establishing a connection with Satan so that it will be remembered by believers better. As a matter of fact, many issues rejected by the religion were expressed to be makruh or haram by being connected to Satan. There are several examples of this method in the Quran like the verse prohibiting alcoholic drinks, gambling and idols. (al-Maida, 5/90-93)
In that case, there is no need for resorting to some cosmographical and material interpretations, which Ibn Hajar mentions and rejects related to the hadith. 
When we consider “the aspect of the prayers the hypocrites perform hastily”, it is possible to understand that statement as follows:
To delay the morning prayer, to get up just before the sun rises and to perform it hastily, to delay the afternoon prayer and to try to perform it hastily when the sun is about to set is like performing prayers on the shoulders of Satan metaphorically. Thus, the sun’s rising and setting between the horns of Satan aims to indicate its sly suggestions at those times.    
To sum up, scholars interpreted such narrations in two ways:
a. According to those who interpret it in its literal sense, unbelievers worship the sun when it rises and sets. At those times, Satan tries to rise to the level of the sun with its horns and imagines (also makes his followers imagine) that people prostrate before him too.  
b. According to those who interpret it in its metaphorical sense, those expressions in the hadith mean that the domination of Satan over people is at the peak at those times. That Satan makes some people delay the morning and afternoon prayers, which are the most virtuous prayers, and make them perform those prayers hastily indicates his peak in terms of deceiving people. (see Nawawi, al-Minhaj/Sharhu Sahihi Muslim, 5/123-124)
The aim of the hadith is clear: To enable the believers to get up early, to gain the consciousness of time, the habit of doing things based on a plan and on time, to act based on time, to discipline themselves, and to make them understand that things done after their prescribed times will not be of any good; it is possible to list, see and show many more benefits and uses of it in terms of the individuals and the community, health and economy, related to the world and the hereafter. (Prof. Dr. İbrahim Canan, Kütüb-i Sitte Şerhi)




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Who Were the ‘Unbelievers’ Referred to in the Hadith Concerning Sun Worshippers?



Answered by Shaykh Jamir Meah
Question: In a Hadith from Fath al-Bari, there is a Hadith which prohibits praying between the times of sunrise and sunset as that’s when the ‘unbelievers’ prostrated to the sun. Who are these ‘unbelievers’? Did the Arabs also worship the celestial bodies in addition to their idols?
Answer: Wa’alaykum assalam. Thank you for your question.
The major books of hadith commentary do not seem to mention a specific people in regards to the hadith you have mentioned (quoted below). What becomes clear from perusing these texts, as well as major works of tafsir on related verses, is that the reference to the unbelievers prostrating to the sun is general.
Sun worship
Sun worshipping, in one way or another, is a primeval practice and was widespread in many cultures such as Ancient Egypt (Ra), Norse Mythology (Sol), the Romans (Apollo), Greek (Helios), Persia (Magians), Britain and Gaul (Druid’s ‘Mighty Oak’) and various Arabian and the Levant tribes.
Amongst the well-known of the Arabs who worshipped the sun, and who survived in various forms during the time of the Prophet ﷺ, were the Sabeans who worshipped the celestial bodies and historically, a solar goddess named Shams, and in Palmyra, Syria, the Temple of Bal was dedicated to a triad of deities, one being Yarhibol, a sun god.
Mecca was a busy trading center, and the Custodians of the Sacred Sanctuary invited people from all of Arabia to make the holy pilgrimage each year, and these people were encouraged to bring with them their various divinities and deities. It would be very likely that there were sun worshipers among them and this was familiar to the Quraysh.
Sun worshippers in the Quran
In surat al Naml, we find the Hoopoe’s words ‘I have found her [Saba] and her people prostrating themselves to the sun, instead of Allah, and the Satan has beautified their deeds for them, and has prevented them from the way, so they do not take the right path.’ [27:24]
And in al Fussilat, God tells people, ‘Do not prostrate yourselves to the sun, or to the moon. And prostrate yourselves to Allah who has created them, if it is Him whom you worship.’ [41:37]
This again is a general admonishment to all who worship the sun and moon. Imam al Razi in his Tafsir, mentions the Sabeans as an example of those addressed in this verse, indicating that the practice of sun-worship was still part of their religious practise at the time of revelation. Other authors (though the references given need to be verified) have stated that there were Arabs tribes who worshipped the sun and called the sun ‘al Ilaha’ [Taw’il Mukhtalif al Hadith]
Prohibition of praying when the sun rises and sets
Two of the prohibited times for praying is when the sun rises and when the sun sets. This is based on the hadith you mentioned, ‘Observe the dawn prayer, then stop praying when the sun is rising till it is fully up, for when it rises it comes up between the horns of Satan, and the unbelievers prostrate themselves to it at that time.’ … ‘then cease prayer till the sun sets, for it sets between the horns of devil, and at that time the unbelievers prostrate themselves before it.’ [Sahih Muslim]
The reason for the prohibition is three-fold:
a) Because satan puts his head in front of the sun as it rises and sets, so that those worshipping the sun look as if they are prostrating to him.
b) Because Allah Most High and the beloved Prophet ﷺ only want good for the believers so prevent the Muslims from being in such a situation and letting the devil get the upper hand over the believers.
c) Because this was the specific time sun worshippers pray, and the Prophet ﷺ was always keen to distinguish the practice of the Muslims from the practice of other religions.
[Fathul Bari, Sharh Muslim]
In conclusion, the hadith we discussed, as well as some verses of the Quran address sun worshippers in general, though the Prophet ﷺ would have had knowledge of some of these groups, such as the Sabeans, previous nations, and most likely, other Arab tribes, particularly among the outlying Bedouins. And Allah knows best.

Warmest salams
Shaykh Jamir Meah

Wednesday, 2 October 2019

Moses Pbuh was sent with clear authority


There is also a Sign for you in the story of Moses when We sent him with a clear authority to Pharaoh. (Surah 51:38)


Compare with the bible text.


And the LORD said unto Moses, See, I have made thee a god to Pharaoh: and Aaron thy brother shall be thy prophet. (Exodus 7:1)



Allah Swt tells us he sent "clear authority" to Moses Pbuh over Pharaoh. Whereas the Bible states Moses was made a God to Pharaoh. Arabic word used is sultan and the Hebrew word used in the bible is Elohim. Both words are different and completely changes the characteristics of the person. Take for example, Jesus said all authority was given to him by God, meaning a higher being was responsible for what kind of miracles were done by Jesus. Here from the Bible we read, Moses was made a God, making him equal to God.

Here's the dilemma for Christians. Christians being Christians would response to Moses being God by saying, the Hebrew text uses the word Elohim meaning a small g not Yahweh a capital G. this sort of gymnastic is a desperate attempt to deceive the people. Firstly, in Hebrew there is no big G or small g. secondly, Yahweh himself is referred as Elohim. In fact, according to Genesis 1:1 Elohim created the heavens and earth.

בְּרֵאשִׁ֖ית בָּרָ֣א אֱלֹהִ֑ים אֵ֥ת הַשָּׁמַ֖יִם וְאֵ֥ת הָאָֽרֶץ׃

When God began to create heaven and earth— (Genesis 1:1) notice the Hebrew word used for God is Elohim (אֱלֹהִ֑ים) not Yahweh


 If Elohim is a small g as Christians claim, how did he manage to create the heaven and earth which Yahweh himself being the big G was unable to do? This puts Yahweh the big G in a major problem. Christians should refrain from such absurd explanations.

Now coming back to Moses of the Bible. If Moses was made a God (אֱלֹהִ֑ים Elohim) why do Christians not worship him? The Quran is clear from any such claims of Moses Pbuh or any human being God. Yet Yahweh explicitly calls Moses God, putting him on the same level as himself. If Christians have difficulty accepting Moses as God, even though he was called a God by God? Why should we accept Jesus as a God when Yahweh never gave him such title? How ironic, Jesus never referred to himself as a God neither did Yahweh, yet Christians insist he was God?

Do you see the problem Christian create for themselves?


Monday, 30 September 2019

Judas would also judge Israel


"When his disciples heard it, they were exceedingly amazed, saying, Who then can be saved? But Jesus beheld them, and said unto them, With men this is impossible; but with God all things are possible. Then answered Peter and said unto him, Behold, we have forsaken all, and followed thee; what shall we have therefore? And Jesus said unto them, Verily I say unto you, That ye which have followed me, in the regeneration when the Son of man shall sit in the throne of his glory, ye also shall sit upon twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel. And every one that hath forsaken houses, or brethren, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or children, or lands, for my name's sake, shall receive an hundredfold, and shall inherit everlasting life. But many that are first shall be last; and the last shall be first." (Matthew 19:25-30)

This one is very simple. Jesus (Pbuh) is alleged here to be speaking to all twelve of his apostles and telling all twelve of them that they shall sit on twelve thrones judging the tribes of Israel on the Day of Resurrection. So, the logical question becomes: who are these twelve who he is addressing? Let us ask the same "Gospel of Luke" and see what it says:

"And when it was day, he called unto him his disciples: and of them he chose twelve, whom also he named apostles; Simon, (whom he also named Peter,) and Andrew his brother, James and John, Philip and Bartholomew, Matthew and Thomas, James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon called Zelotes, And Judas the brother of James, and Judas Iscariot, which also was the traitor." (Luke 6:13-16)

So, according to the gospel of Luke, Jesus (pbuh) allegedly promised the traitor Judas that he has a throne reserved for him in heaven. Not only that, but he shall sit on this throne judging the twelve tribes of Israel on that day. It is obvious that Judas is included because Jesus says "YOU shall ..." In other words he is addressing the twelve men who are standing before him. He also explicitly mentions the word "twelve thrones." The twelfth can not be "St. Paul", the self-appointed replacement for Judas, since Jesus (pbuh) never met Paul. So Paul was not present in this meeting where Jesus addressed all of his apostles and told them that "THEY" shall judge Israel from twelve thrones.

Once again, the tampering fingers have left their mark.

According to the Deuteronomy Jesus of the New Testament was a false prophet


But the prophet who presumes to speak a word in My Name, which I have not commanded him to speak, or who speaks in the name of other gods, that prophet shall die. (Deuteronomy 18:20)

When a prophet speaks in the Name of the Lord, if the word does not come to pass, or come true, it is a word that the L-rd has not spoken; the prophet has spoken it presumptuously, you need not be afraid of him. (Deuteronomy 18:22)

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(Below are passages which  show Jesus of the bible was a false prophet)

Truly, I say to you, there are some standing here who will not taste death before they see the Son of man coming in his kingdom. (Matthew 16:28)

That generation died nineteen centuries ago!

Then some of the scribes and Pharisees said to him: "Teacher, we wish to see a sign from you." But he answered them: "An evil and adulterous generation seeks for a sign; but no sign shall be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah. For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the whale, so will the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth."
(Matthew 12:38--40)

Jesus was "in the heart of the earth" for no more than thirty--six hours. He died Friday afternoon and was "resurrected" Sunday before dawn. When the women reached his tomb, he was already gone:

It was the day of Preparation, and the Sabbath was beginning. The women who had come with [Jesus] from Galilee followed, and saw the tomb, and how his body was laid; then they returned, and prepared spices and ointments. On the Sabbath they rested according to the commandment. But on the first day of the week, at early dawn, they went to the tomb, taking the spices which they had prepared. And they found the stone rolled away from the tomb, but when they went in they did not find the body.
(Luke 23:54--24:3)

In fact, in the original Greek, Matthew 28:1 speaks not of "the first day of the week, at early dawn" but of "late on the Sabbath as it was getting dusk, toward the first day of the week...." This would mean that Jesus remained in the cave only from Friday afternoon until Saturday evening at nightfall-a total of about twenty--six hours!

Sunday, 29 September 2019

Take your pick!


Abu Hurayra stated, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'The most perfect of believers in belief is the best of them in character. The best of you are those who are the best to their women.'"
Riyad as Saliheen, chapter 34, ‘treating women well’, nr 278. [at-Tirmidhi]

Narrated Mu'awiyah al-Qushayri: "I went to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) and asked him: What do you say (command) about our wives? He replied: Give them food what you have for yourself, and clothe them by which you clothe yourself, and do not beat them, and do not revile them. (Sunan Abu-Dawud, Book 11, Marriage (Kitab Al-Nikah), Number 2139)"

Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "A believing man should not hate a believing woman. If he dislikes something in her character, he should be pleased with some other ­ or another­ trait of hers." [Muslim]
(Riyad as Saliheen, chapter 34, ‘treating women well’, nr. 275)

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Torah/ Talmud

If a man marries a woman who becomes displeasing to him because he finds something indecent about her, and he writes her a certificate of divorce, gives it to her and sends her from his house, 2 and if after she leaves his house she becomes the wife of another man, 3 and her second husband dislikes her and writes her a certificate of divorce, gives it to her and sends her from his house, or if he dies, 4 then her first husband, who divorced her, is not allowed to marry her again after she has been defiled. That would be detestable in the eyes of the Lord. Do not bring sin upon the land the Lord your God is giving you as an inheritance. (Deuteronomy 24:1-4)

commentary on the Rambam’s Mishneh Torah. a husband may beat a sinning wife (Hilkhos Ishus 21:10),

(Responsa Binyamin Ze’ev, no. 88). The first three of the five pages of the responsum reflect a very negative attitude toward wife beating. However, on the fourth page, R. Binyamin Ze’ev adds a qualification — that a husband may beat his wife to prevent her from sinning, which includes cursing him or his parents. In other words, R. Binyamin Ze’ev adopts the first view.

If the husband’s property is damaged, compensation is paid to him. He is not only the owner of his wife, he is also the owner of her pregnancy (Ex. 21:22). All of this may have contributed to an attitude that there was nothing wrong with physically abusing women. Although the word ??? (strike, blow, hit, beat) appears in the Bible, it is not associated with wife beating until the Talmud.

If a husband declares, 'I will neither feed nor provide for my wife', he is compelled to grant her a divorce...If bad breath is a justification for such compulsion [as stated in the above mishnah] her very life is far more so. (Talmud y.Gitt. 9:9)

A man may divorce his wife if she has merely spoiled a dish for him,
He may also divorce her even if he simply finds another woman more beautiful than she" (Gittin 90a-b).
It is forbidden for dogs, women or palm trees to pass between two men, nor may others walk between dogs, women or palm trees. Special dangers are involved if the women are menstruating or sitting at a crossroads. Pesahim 111a.

The Talmud has recorded several specific actions by wives which obliged their husbands to divorce them: "If she ate in the street, if she drank greedily in the street, if she suckled in the street, in every case Rabbi Meir says that she must leave her husband" (Git. 89a).

The Talmud has also made it mandatory to divorce a barren wife (who bore no children in a period of ten years): "Our Rabbis taught: If a man took a wife and lived with her for ten years and she bore no child, he shall divorce her" (Yeb. 64a).

One sage, Rabbi Eliezer, went further to forbid teaching Torah to daughters by comparing it to the teaching of “tiflut” (Sotah 21b).

Sunday, 22 September 2019

Paul copied 152 verses from the Old Testament as an authority in his teachings

It is acknowledged by Biblical scholars that Paul extensively quoted from the Old Testament (OT) to support his message to the Jews and Gentiles.

The table below lists Paul's Letters (Epistles) along with Old Testament verses he 'most likely' copied from based on textual and wording simililarities:

ROMANS
Paul writes to the community in Rome and explains that salvation is available through the gospel of Jesus Christ.
Paul wrote:
For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: as it is written, The just shall live by faith.
1Copied from OT:
Behold, his soul which is lifted up is not upright in him: but the just shall live by his faith.
Paul wrote:
For the name of God is blasphemed among the Gentiles through you, as it is written.
2Copied from OT:
Now therefore, what have I here, saith the LORD, that my people is taken away for nought? they that rule over them make them to howl, saith the LORD; and my name continually every day is blasphemed.
Paul wrote:
God forbid: yea, let God be true, but every man a liar; as it is written, That thou mightest be justified in thy sayings, and mightest overcome when thou art judged.
3Copied from OT:
Against thee, thee only, have I sinned, and done this evil in thy sight: that thou mightest be justified when thou speakest, and be clear when thou judgest.
Paul wrote:
As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one: There is none that understandeth, there is none that seeketh after God. They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one.
4Copied from OT:
The fool hath said in his heart, There is no God. They are corrupt, they have done abominable works, there is none that doeth good. The LORD looked down from heaven upon the children of men, to see if there were any that did understand, and seek God. They are all gone aside, they are all together become filthy: there is none that doeth good, no, not one.
Paul wrote:
As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one: There is none that understandeth, there is none that seeketh after God. They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one.
5Copied from OT:
The fool hath said in his heart, There is no God. Corrupt are they, and have done abominable iniquity: there is none that doeth good. God looked down from heaven upon the children of men, to see if there were any that did understand, that did seek God. Every one of them is gone back: they are altogether become filthy; there is none that doeth good, no, not one.
Paul wrote:
Their throat is an open sepulchre; with their tongues they have used deceit; the poison of asps is under their lips:
6Copied from OT:
For there is no faithfulness in their mouth; their inward part is very wickedness; their throat is an open sepulchre; they flatter with their tongue.
Paul wrote:
Their throat is an open sepulchre; with their tongues they have used deceit; the poison of asps is under their lips:
7Copied from OT:
They have sharpened their tongues like a serpent; adders' poison is under their lips. Selah.
Paul wrote:
Whose mouth is full of cursing and bitterness:
8Copied from OT:
His mouth is full of cursing and deceit and fraud: under his tongue is mischief and vanity.
Paul wrote:
Their feet are swift to shed blood: Destruction and misery are in their ways: And the way of peace have they not known:
9Copied from OT:
Their feet run to evil, and they make haste to shed innocent blood: their thoughts are thoughts of iniquity; wasting and destruction are in their paths. The way of peace they know not; and there is no judgment in their goings: they have made them crooked paths: whosoever goeth therein shall not know peace.
Paul wrote:
There is no fear of God before their eyes.
10Copied from OT:
The transgression of the wicked saith within my heart, that there is no fear of God before his eyes.
Paul wrote:
For what saith the scripture? Abraham believed God, and it was counted unto him for righteousness.
11Copied from OT:
And he believed in the LORD; and he counted it to him for righteousness.
Paul wrote:
Saying, Blessed are they whose iniquities are forgiven, and whose sins are covered. Blessed is the man to whom the Lord will not impute sin.
12Copied from OT:
Blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven, whose sin is covered. Blessed is the man unto whom the LORD imputeth not iniquity, and in whose spirit there is no guile.
Paul wrote:
Cometh this blessedness then upon the circumcision only, or upon the uncircumcision also? for we say that faith was reckoned to Abraham for righteousness.
13Copied from OT:
And he believed in the LORD; and he counted it to him for righteousness.
Paul wrote:
(As it is written, I have made thee a father of many nations,) before him whom he believed, even God, who quickeneth the dead, and calleth those things which be not as though they were.
14Copied from OT:
Neither shall thy name any more be called Abram, but thy name shall be Abraham; for a father of many nations have I made thee.
Paul wrote:
Who against hope believed in hope, that he might become the father of many nations, according to that which was spoken, So shall thy seed be.
15Copied from OT:
Neither shall thy name any more be called Abram, but thy name shall be Abraham; for a father of many nations have I made thee.
Paul wrote:
Who against hope believed in hope, that he might become the father of many nations, according to that which was spoken, So shall thy seed be.
16Copied from OT:
And he brought him forth abroad, and said, Look now toward heaven, and tell the stars, if thou be able to number them: and he said unto him, So shall thy seed be.
Paul wrote:
And therefore it was imputed to him for righteousness.
17Copied from OT:
And he believed in the LORD; and he counted it to him for righteousness.
Paul wrote:
What shall we say then? Is the law sin? God forbid. Nay, I had not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet.
18Copied from OT:
Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour's.
Paul wrote:
What shall we say then? Is the law sin? God forbid. Nay, I had not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet.
19Copied from OT:
Neither shalt thou desire thy neighbour's wife, neither shalt thou covet thy neighbour's house, his field, or his manservant, or his maidservant, his ox, or his ass, or any thing that is thy neighbour's.
Paul wrote:
As it is written, For thy sake we are killed all the day long; we are accounted as sheep for the slaughter.
20Copied from OT:
Yea, for thy sake are we killed all the day long; we are counted as sheep for the slaughter.
Paul wrote:
Neither, because they are the seed of Abraham, are they all children: but, In Isaac shall thy seed be called.
21Copied from OT:
And God said unto Abraham, Let it not be grievous in thy sight because of the lad, and because of thy bondwoman; in all that Sarah hath said unto thee, hearken unto her voice; for in Isaac shall thy seed be called.
Paul wrote:
For this is the word of promise, At this time will I come, and Sarah shall have a son.
22Copied from OT:
And he said, I will certainly return unto thee according to the time of life; and, lo, Sarah thy wife shall have a son. And Sarah heard it in the tent door, which was behind him. Now Abraham and Sarah were old and well stricken in age; and it ceased to be with Sarah after the manner of women. Therefore Sarah laughed within herself, saying, After I am waxed old shall I have pleasure, my lord being old also? And the LORD said unto Abraham, Wherefore did Sarah laugh, saying, Shall I of a surety bear a child, which am old? Is any thing too hard for the LORD? At the time appointed I will return unto thee, according to the time of life, and Sarah shall have a son.
Paul wrote:
It was said unto her, The elder shall serve the younger.
23Copied from OT:
And the LORD said unto her, Two nations are in thy womb, and two manner of people shall be separated from thy bowels; and the one people shall be stronger than the other people; and the elder shall serve the younger.
Paul wrote:
As it is written, Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated.
24Copied from OT:
I have loved you, saith the LORD. Yet ye say, Wherein hast thou loved us? Was not Esau Jacob's brother? saith the LORD: yet I loved Jacob, And I hated Esau, and laid his mountains and his heritage waste for the dragons of the wilderness.
Paul wrote:
For he saith to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion.
25Copied from OT:
And he said, I will make all my goodness pass before thee, and I will proclaim the name of the LORD before thee; and will be gracious to whom I will be gracious, and will shew mercy on whom I will shew mercy.
Paul wrote:
For the scripture saith unto Pharaoh, Even for this same purpose have I raised thee up, that I might shew my power in thee, and that my name might be declared throughout all the earth.
26Copied from OT:
And in very deed for this cause have I raised thee up, for to shew in thee my power; and that my name may be declared throughout all the earth.
Paul wrote:
As he saith also in Osee, I will call them my people, which were not my people; and her beloved, which was not beloved.
27Copied from OT:
And I will sow her unto me in the earth; and I will have mercy upon her that had not obtained mercy; and I will say to them which were not my people, Thou art my people; and they shall say, Thou art my God.
Paul wrote:
And it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people; there shall they be called the children of the living God.
28Copied from OT:
Yet the number of the children of Israel shall be as the sand of the sea, which cannot be measured nor numbered; and it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people, there it shall be said unto them, Ye are the sons of the living God.
Paul wrote:
Esaias also crieth concerning Israel, Though the number of the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea, a remnant shall be saved: For he will finish the work, and cut it short in righteousness: because a short work will the Lord make upon the earth.
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For though thy people Israel be as the sand of the sea, yet a remnant of them shall return: the consumption decreed shall overflow with righteousness. For the Lord GOD of hosts shall make a consumption, even determined, in the midst of all the land.
Paul wrote:
And as Esaias said before, Except the Lord of Sabaoth had left us a seed, we had been as Sodoma, and been made like unto Gomorrha.
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Except the LORD of hosts had left unto us a very small remnant, we should have been as Sodom, and we should have been like unto Gomorrah.
Paul wrote:
As it is written, Behold, I lay in Sion a stumblingstone and rock of offence: and whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.
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And he shall be for a sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling and for a rock of offence to both the houses of Israel, for a gin and for a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem.
Paul wrote:
As it is written, Behold, I lay in Sion a stumblingstone and rock of offence: and whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.
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Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner stone, a sure foundation: he that believeth shall not make haste.
Paul wrote:
For Moses describeth the righteousness which is of the law, That the man which doeth those things shall live by them.
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Ye shall therefore keep my statutes, and my judgments: which if a man do, he shall live in them: I am the LORD.
Paul wrote:
But the righteousness which is of faith speaketh on this wise, Say not in thine heart, Who shall ascend into heaven? (that is, to bring Christ down from above:)
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Speak not thou in thine heart, after that the LORD thy God hath cast them out from before thee, saying, For my righteousness the LORD hath brought me in to possess this land: but for the wickedness of these nations the LORD doth drive them out from before thee.
Paul wrote:
But the righteousness which is of faith speaketh on this wise, Say not in thine heart, Who shall ascend into heaven? (that is, to bring Christ down from above:) Or, Who shall descend into the deep? (that is, to bring up Christ again from the dead.) But what saith it? The word is nigh thee, even in thy mouth, and in thy heart: that is, the word of faith, which we preach;
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It is not in heaven, that thou shouldest say, Who shall go up for us to heaven, and bring it unto us, that we may hear it, and do it? Neither is it beyond the sea, that thou shouldest say, Who shall go over the sea for us, and bring it unto us, that we may hear it, and do it? But the word is very nigh unto thee, in thy mouth, and in thy heart, that thou mayest do it.
Paul wrote:
For the scripture saith, Whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.
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Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner stone, a sure foundation: he that believeth shall not make haste.
Paul wrote:
For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.
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And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the LORD shall be delivered: for in mount Zion and in Jerusalem shall be deliverance, as the LORD hath said, and in the remnant whom the LORD shall call.
Paul wrote:
And how shall they preach, except they be sent? as it is written, How beautiful are the feet of them that preach the gospel of peace, and bring glad tidings of good things!
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How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him that bringeth good tidings, that publisheth peace; that bringeth good tidings of good, that publisheth salvation; that saith unto Zion, Thy God reigneth!
Paul wrote:
But they have not all obeyed the gospel. For Esaias saith, Lord, who hath believed our report?
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Who hath believed our report? and to whom is the arm of the LORD revealed?
Paul wrote:
But I say, Have they not heard? Yes verily, their sound went into all the earth, and their words unto the ends of the world.
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Their line is gone out through all the earth, and their words to the end of the world. In them hath he set a tabernacle for the sun,
Paul wrote:
But I say, Did not Israel know? First Moses saith, I will provoke you to jealousy by them that are no people, and by a foolish nation I will anger you.
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They have moved me to jealousy with that which is not God; they have provoked me to anger with their vanities: and I will move them to jealousy with those which are not a people; I will provoke them to anger with a foolish nation.
Paul wrote:
But Esaias is very bold, and saith, I was found of them that sought me not; I was made manifest unto them that asked not after me.
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I am sought of them that asked not for me; I am found of them that sought me not: I said, Behold me, behold me, unto a nation that was not called by my name.
Paul wrote:
But to Israel he saith, All day long I have stretched forth my hands unto a disobedient and gainsaying people.
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I have spread out my hands all the day unto a rebellious people, which walketh in a way that was not good, after their own thoughts;
Paul wrote:
Lord, they have killed thy prophets, and digged down thine altars; and I am left alone, and they seek my life.
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And he said, I have been very jealous for the LORD God of hosts: for the children of Israel have forsaken thy covenant, thrown down thine altars, and slain thy prophets with the sword; and I, even I only, am left; and they seek my life, to take it away. And he said, Go forth, and stand upon the mount before the LORD. And, behold, the LORD passed by, and a great and strong wind rent the mountains, and brake in pieces the rocks before the LORD; but the LORD was not in the wind: and after the wind an earthquake; but the LORD was not in the earthquake: And after the earthquake a fire; but the LORD was not in the fire: and after the fire a still small voice. And it was so, when Elijah heard it, that he wrapped his face in his mantle, and went out, and stood in the entering in of the cave. And, behold, there came a voice unto him, and said, What doest thou here, Elijah? And he said, I have been very jealous for the LORD God of hosts: because the children of Israel have forsaken thy covenant, thrown down thine altars, and slain thy prophets with the sword; and I, even I only, am left; and they seek my life, to take it away.
Paul wrote:
But what saith the answer of God unto him? I have reserved to myself seven thousand men, who have not bowed the knee to the image of Baal.
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Yet I have left me seven thousand in Israel, all the knees which have not bowed unto Baal, and every mouth which hath not kissed him.
Paul wrote:
(According as it is written, God hath given them the spirit of slumber, eyes that they should not see, and ears that they should not hear;) unto this day.
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For the LORD hath poured out upon you the spirit of deep sleep, and hath closed your eyes: the prophets and your rulers, the seers hath he covered.
Paul wrote:
(According as it is written, God hath given them the spirit of slumber, eyes that they should not see, and ears that they should not hear;) unto this day.
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Yet the LORD hath not given you an heart to perceive, and eyes to see, and ears to hear, unto this day.
Paul wrote:
And David saith, Let their table be made a snare, and a trap, and a stumblingblock, and a recompence unto them: Let their eyes be darkened, that they may not see, and bow down their back alway.
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Let their table become a snare before them: and that which should have been for their welfare, let it become a trap. Let their eyes be darkened, that they see not; and make their loins continually to shake.
Paul wrote:
And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob: For this is my covenant unto them, when I shall take away their sins.
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And the Redeemer shall come to Zion, and unto them that turn from transgression in Jacob, saith the LORD. As for me, this is my covenant with them, saith the LORD; My spirit that is upon thee, and my words which I have put in thy mouth, shall not depart out of thy mouth, nor out of the mouth of thy seed, nor out of the mouth of thy seed's seed, saith the LORD, from henceforth and for ever.
Paul wrote:
For this is my covenant unto them, when I shall take away their sins.
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By this therefore shall the iniquity of Jacob be purged; and this is all the fruit to take away his sin; when he maketh all the stones of the altar as chalkstones that are beaten in sunder, the groves and images shall not stand up.
Paul wrote:
For who hath known the mind of the Lord? or who hath been his counsellor?
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Who hath directed the Spirit of the LORD, or being his counsellor hath taught him?
Paul wrote:
Or who hath first given to him, and it shall be recompensed unto him again?
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Who hath prevented me, that I should repay him? whatsoever is under the whole heaven is mine.
Paul wrote:
Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but rather give place unto wrath: for it is written, Vengeance is mine; I will repay, saith the Lord.
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To me belongeth vengeance, and recompence; their foot shall slide in due time: for the day of their calamity is at hand, and the things that shall come upon them make haste.
Paul wrote:
Therefore if thine enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him drink: for in so doing thou shalt heap coals of fire on his head.
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If thine enemy be hungry, give him bread to eat; and if he be thirsty, give him water to drink: For thou shalt heap coals of fire upon his head, and the LORD shall reward thee.
Paul wrote:
For this, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Thou shalt not covet; and if there be any other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this saying, namely, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.
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Thou shalt not kill. Thou shalt not commit adultery. Thou shalt not steal.
Paul wrote:
For this, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Thou shalt not covet; and if there be any other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this saying, namely, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.
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Thou shalt not kill. Neither shalt thou commit adultery. Neither shalt thou steal.
Paul wrote:
For this, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Thou shalt not covet; and if there be any other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this saying, namely, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.
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Thou shalt not avenge, nor bear any grudge against the children of thy people, but thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself: I am the LORD.
Paul wrote:
For it is written, As I live, saith the Lord, every knee shall bow to me, and every tongue shall confess to God.
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Lift up thine eyes round about, and behold: all these gather themselves together, and come to thee. As I live, saith the LORD, thou shalt surely clothe thee with them all, as with an ornament, and bind them on thee, as a bride doeth.
Paul wrote:
For it is written, As I live, saith the Lord, every knee shall bow to me, and every tongue shall confess to God.
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I have sworn by myself, the word is gone out of my mouth in righteousness, and shall not return, That unto me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear.
Paul wrote:
For even Christ pleased not himself; but, as it is written, The reproaches of them that reproached thee fell on me.
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For the zeal of thine house hath eaten me up; and the reproaches of them that reproached thee are fallen upon me.
Paul wrote:
And that the Gentiles might glorify God for his mercy; as it is written, For this cause I will confess to thee among the Gentiles, and sing unto thy name.
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Therefore will I give thanks unto thee, O LORD, among the heathen, and sing praises unto thy name.
Paul wrote:
And that the Gentiles might glorify God for his mercy; as it is written, For this cause I will confess to thee among the Gentiles, and sing unto thy name.
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Therefore I will give thanks unto thee, O LORD, among the heathen, and I will sing praises unto thy name.
Paul wrote:
And again he saith, Rejoice, ye Gentiles, with his people.
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Rejoice, O ye nations, with his people: for he will avenge the blood of his servants, and will render vengeance to his adversaries, and will be merciful unto his land, and to his people.
Paul wrote:
And again, Praise the Lord, all ye Gentiles; and laud him, all ye people.
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O Praise the LORD, all ye nations: praise him, all ye people.
Paul wrote:
And again, Esaias saith, There shall be a root of Jesse, and he that shall rise to reign over the Gentiles; in him shall the Gentiles trust.
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And in that day there shall be a root of Jesse, which shall stand for an ensign of the people; to it shall the Gentiles seek: and his rest shall be glorious.
Paul wrote:
But as it is written, To whom he was not spoken of, they shall see: and they that have not heard shall understand.
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So shall he sprinkle many nations; the kings shall shut their mouths at him: for that which had not been told them shall they see; and that which they had not heard shall they consider.
1 CORINTHIANS
Paul admonished the Corinth church he founded. He felt compelled to explain Christian doctrinal matters in detail.
Paul wrote:
For it is written, I will destroy the wisdom of the wise, and will bring to nothing the understanding of the prudent.
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Therefore, behold, I will proceed to do a marvellous work among this people, even a marvellous work and a wonder: for the wisdom of their wise men shall perish, and the understanding of their prudent men shall be hid.
Paul wrote:
That, according as it is written, He that glorieth, let him glory in the Lord.
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But let him that glorieth glory in this, that he understandeth and knoweth me, that I am the LORD which exercise lovingkindness, judgment, and righteousness, in the earth: for in these things I delight, saith the LORD.
Paul wrote:
But as it is written, Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of man, the things which God hath prepared for them that love him.
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For since the beginning of the world men have not heard, nor perceived by the ear, neither hath the eye seen, O God, beside thee, what he hath prepared for him that waiteth for him.
Paul wrote:
For who hath known the mind of the Lord, that he may instruct him? But we have the mind of Christ.
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Who hath directed the Spirit of the LORD, or being his counsellor hath taught him?
Paul wrote:
For the wisdom of this world is foolishness with God. For it is written, He taketh the wise in their own craftiness.
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He taketh the wise in their own craftiness: and the counsel of the froward is carried headlong.
Paul wrote:
And again, The Lord knoweth the thoughts of the wise, that they are vain.
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The LORD knoweth the thoughts of man, that they are vanity.
Paul wrote:
But them that are without God judgeth. Therefore put away from among yourselves that wicked person.
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The hands of the witnesses shall be first upon him to put him to death, and afterward the hands of all the people. So thou shalt put the evil away from among you.
Paul wrote:
What? know ye not that he which is joined to an harlot is one body? for two, saith he, shall be one flesh.
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Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.
Paul wrote:
For it is written in the law of Moses, Thou shalt not muzzle the mouth of the ox that treadeth out the corn. Doth God take care for oxen?
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Thou shalt not muzzle the ox when he treadeth out the corn.
Paul wrote:
Neither be ye idolaters, as were some of them; as it is written, The people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play.
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And they rose up early on the morrow, and offered burnt offerings, and brought peace offerings; and the people sat down to eat and to drink, and rose up to play.
Paul wrote:
For the earth is the Lord's, and the fulness thereof.
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The earth is the LORD's, and the fulness thereof; the world, and they that dwell therein.
Paul wrote:
In the law it is written, With men of other tongues and other lips will I speak unto this people; and yet for all that will they not hear me, saith the LORD.
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For with stammering lips and another tongue will he speak to this people. To whom he said, This is the rest wherewith ye may cause the weary to rest; and this is the refreshing: yet they would not hear.
Paul wrote:
For he hath put all things under his feet. But when he saith all things are put under him, it is manifest that he is excepted, which did put all things under him.
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Thou madest him to have dominion over the works of thy hands; thou hast put all things under his feet:
Paul wrote:
If after the manner of men I have fought with beasts at Ephesus, what advantageth it me, if the dead rise not? let us eat and drink; for to morrow we die.
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And behold joy and gladness, slaying oxen, and killing sheep, eating flesh, and drinking wine: let us eat and drink; for to morrow we shall die.
Paul wrote:
And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit.
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And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.
Paul wrote:
So when this corruptible shall have put on incorruption, and this mortal shall have put on immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written, Death is swallowed up in victory.
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He will swallow up death in victory; and the Lord GOD will wipe away tears from off all faces; and the rebuke of his people shall he take away from off all the earth: for the LORD hath spoken it.
Paul wrote:
O death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victory?
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I will ransom them from the power of the grave; I will redeem them from death: O death, I will be thy plagues; O grave, I will be thy destruction: repentance shall be hid from mine eyes.
2 CORINTHIANS
Paul writes another letter to the Corinth church. He reminds them of the need for forgiveness and reconciliation.
Paul wrote:
We having the same spirit of faith, according as it is written, I believed, and therefore have I spoken; we also believe, and therefore speak;
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I believed, therefore have I spoken: I was greatly afflicted:
Paul wrote:
(For he saith, I have heard thee in a time accepted, and in the day of salvation have I succoured thee: behold, now is the accepted time; behold, now is the day of salvation.)
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Thus saith the LORD, In an acceptable time have I heard thee, and in a day of salvation have I helped thee: and I will preserve thee, and give thee for a covenant of the people, to establish the earth, to cause to inherit the desolate heritages;
Paul wrote:
And what agreement hath the temple of God with idols? for ye are the temple of the living God; as God hath said, I will dwell in them, and walk in them; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people.
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And I will walk among you, and will be your God, and ye shall be my people.
Paul wrote:
And what agreement hath the temple of God with idols? for ye are the temple of the living God; as God hath said, I will dwell in them, and walk in them; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people.
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My tabernacle also shall be with them: yea, I will be their God, and they shall be my people.
Paul wrote:
Wherefore come out from among them, and be ye separate, saith the Lord, and touch not the unclean thing; and I will receive you,
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Depart ye, depart ye, go ye out from thence, touch no unclean thing; go ye out of the midst of her; be ye clean, that bear the vessels of the LORD.
Paul wrote:
Wherefore come out from among them, and be ye separate, saith the Lord, and touch not the unclean thing; and I will receive you,
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And I will bring you out from the people, and will gather you out of the countries wherein ye are scattered, with a mighty hand, and with a stretched out arm, and with fury poured out.
Paul wrote:
And will be a Father unto you, and ye shall be my sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty.
7Copied from OT:
Now therefore so shalt thou say unto my servant David, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, I took thee from the sheepcote, from following the sheep, to be ruler over my people, over Israel: And I was with thee whithersoever thou wentest, and have cut off all thine enemies out of thy sight, and have made thee a great name, like unto the name of the great men that are in the earth. Moreover I will appoint a place for my people Israel, and will plant them, that they may dwell in a place of their own, and move no more; neither shall the children of wickedness afflict them any more, as beforetime, And as since the time that I commanded judges to be over my people Israel, and have caused thee to rest from all thine enemies. Also the LORD telleth thee that he will make thee an house. And when thy days be fulfilled, and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish his kingdom. He shall build an house for my name, and I will stablish the throne of his kingdom for ever. I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men:
Paul wrote:
As it is written, He that had gathered much had nothing over; and he that had gathered little had no lack.
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And when they did mete it with an omer, he that gathered much had nothing over, and he that gathered little had no lack; they gathered every man according to his eating.
Paul wrote:
(As it is written, He hath dispersed abroad; he hath given to the poor: his righteousness remaineth for ever.
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He hath dispersed, he hath given to the poor; his righteousness endureth for ever; his horn shall be exalted with honour.
Paul wrote:
But he that glorieth, let him glory in the Lord.
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But let him that glorieth glory in this, that he understandeth and knoweth me, that I am the LORD which exercise lovingkindness, judgment, and righteousness, in the earth: for in these things I delight, saith the LORD.
Paul wrote:
This is the third time I am coming to you. In the mouth of two or three witnesses shall every word be established.
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One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that he sinneth: at the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall the matter be established.
GALATIANS
Paul writes an 'angry' letter to Galatia to correct their misunderstanding of salvation and Jewish law.
Paul wrote:
Even as Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness.
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And he believed in the LORD; and he counted it to him for righteousness.
Paul wrote:
And the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached before the gospel unto Abraham, saying, In thee shall all nations be blessed.
2Copied from OT:
And I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee: and in thee shall all families of the earth be blessed.
Paul wrote:
And the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached before the gospel unto Abraham, saying, In thee shall all nations be blessed.
3Copied from OT:
Seeing that Abraham shall surely become a great and mighty nation, and all the nations of the earth shall be blessed in him?
Paul wrote:
For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them.
4Copied from OT:
Cursed be he that confirmeth not all the words of this law to do them. And all the people shall say, Amen.
Paul wrote:
But that no man is justified by the law in the sight of God, it is evident: for, The just shall live by faith.
5Copied from OT:
Behold, his soul which is lifted up is not upright in him: but the just shall live by his faith.
Paul wrote:
And the law is not of faith: but, The man that doeth them shall live in them.
6Copied from OT:
Ye shall therefore keep my statutes, and my judgments: which if a man do, he shall live in them: I am the LORD.
Paul wrote:
Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree:
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His body shall not remain all night upon the tree, but thou shalt in any wise bury him that day; (for he that is hanged is accursed of God;) that thy land be not defiled, which the LORD thy God giveth thee for an inheritance.
Paul wrote:
Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ.
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And the LORD appeared unto Abram, and said, Unto thy seed will I give this land: and there builded he an altar unto the LORD, who appeared unto him.
Paul wrote:
For it is written, Rejoice, thou barren that bearest not; break forth and cry, thou that travailest not: for the desolate hath many more children than she which hath an husband.
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Sing, O barren, thou that didst not bear; break forth into singing, and cry aloud, thou that didst not travail with child: for more are the children of the desolate than the children of the married wife, saith the LORD.
Paul wrote:
Nevertheless what saith the scripture? Cast out the bondwoman and her son: for the son of the bondwoman shall not be heir with the son of the freewoman.
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Wherefore she said unto Abraham, Cast out this bondwoman and her son: for the son of this bondwoman shall not be heir with my son, even with Isaac.
Paul wrote:
For all the law is fulfilled in one word, even in this; Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.
11Copied from OT:
Thou shalt not avenge, nor bear any grudge against the children of thy people, but thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself: I am the LORD.
EPHESIANS
Paul writes a letter to the Ephesus church from inside prison in Rome. In Ephesians, he explains the doctrines of grace, peace and salvation.

 Disputed; Forgery; Not written by Paul
Paul wrote:
Wherefore he saith, When he ascended up on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men.
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Thou hast ascended on high, thou hast led captivity captive: thou hast received gifts for men; yea, for the rebellious also, that the LORD God might dwell among them.
Paul wrote:
Wherefore putting away lying, speak every man truth with his neighbour: for we are members one of another.
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These are the things that ye shall do; Speak ye every man the truth to his neighbour; execute the judgment of truth and peace in your gates:
Paul wrote:
Be ye angry, and sin not: let not the sun go down upon your wrath:
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Stand in awe, and sin not: commune with your own heart upon your bed, and be still. Selah.
Paul wrote:
For this cause shall a man leave his father and mother, and shall be joined unto his wife, and they two shall be one flesh.
4Copied from OT:
Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.
Paul wrote:
Honour thy father and mother; which is the first commandment with promise; That it may be well with thee, and thou mayest live long on the earth.
5Copied from OT:
Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.
Paul wrote:
Honour thy father and mother; which is the first commandment with promise; That it may be well with thee, and thou mayest live long on the earth.
6Copied from OT:
Honour thy father and thy mother, as the LORD thy God hath commanded thee; that thy days may be prolonged, and that it may go well with thee, in the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.
PHILIPPIANS
Paul writes to the Philippi church from inside prison. He urges them to adopt a Christ,like attitude.
Paul wrote:
That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.
1Copied from OT:
I have sworn by myself, the word is gone out of my mouth in righteousness, and shall not return, That unto me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear.
1 TIMOTHY
Paul gives Timothy, a young leader in the Ephesus church, advice on godliness and sound teaching.

 Disputed; Forgery; Not written by Paul
Paul wrote:
For the scripture saith, Thou shalt not muzzle the ox that treadeth out the corn. And, The labourer is worthy of his reward.
1Copied from OT:
Thou shalt not muzzle the ox when he treadeth out the corn.
2 TIMOTHY
Paul's death is drawing near, and he instructs Timothy to carry on his gospel work.

 Disputed; Forgery; Not written by Paul
Paul wrote:
Nevertheless the foundation of God standeth sure, having this seal, The Lord knoweth them that are his. And, Let every one that nameth the name of Christ depart from iniquity.
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And he spake unto Korah and unto all his company, saying, Even to morrow the LORD will shew who are his, and who is holy; and will cause him to come near unto him: even him whom he hath chosen will he cause to come near unto him.
HEBREWS
Hebrews was written for the Jewish,Christians who lived in Jerusalem

 Disputed; Forgery; Not written by Paul
Paul wrote:
For unto which of the angels said he at any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee? And again, I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son?
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I will declare the decree: the LORD hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee.
Paul wrote:
For unto which of the angels said he at any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee? And again, I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son?
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I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men:
Paul wrote:
And again, when he bringeth in the firstbegotten into the world, he saith, And let all the angels of God worship him.
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Rejoice, O ye nations, with his people: for he will avenge the blood of his servants, and will render vengeance to his adversaries, and will be merciful unto his land, and to his people.
Paul wrote:
And of the angels he saith, Who maketh his angels spirits, and his ministers a flame of fire.
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Who maketh his angels spirits; his ministers a flaming fire:
Paul wrote:
But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom. Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, even thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.
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Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom is a right sceptre. Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.
Paul wrote:
And, Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of thine hands: They shall perish; but thou remainest; and they all shall wax old as doth a garment; And as a vesture shalt thou fold them up, and they shall be changed: but thou art the same, and thy years shall not fail.
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Of old hast thou laid the foundation of the earth: and the heavens are the work of thy hands. They shall perish, but thou shalt endure: yea, all of them shall wax old like a garment; as a vesture shalt thou change them, and they shall be changed: But thou art the same, and thy years shall have no end.
Paul wrote:
But to which of the angels said he at any time, Sit on my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool?
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The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool.
Paul wrote:
But one in a certain place testified, saying, What is man, that thou art mindful of him? or the son of man, that thou visitest him? Thou madest him a little lower than the angels; thou crownedst him with glory and honour, and didst set him over the works of thy hands: Thou hast put all things in subjection under his feet. For in that he put all in subjection under him, he left nothing that is not put under him. But now we see not yet all things put under him.
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What is man, that thou art mindful of him? and the son of man, that thou visitest him? For thou hast made him a little lower than the angels, and hast crowned him with glory and honour. Thou madest him to have dominion over the works of thy hands; thou hast put all things under his feet:
Paul wrote:
Saying, I will declare thy name unto my brethren, in the midst of the church will I sing praise unto thee.
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I will declare thy name unto my brethren: in the midst of the congregation will I praise thee.
Paul wrote:
And again, I will put my trust in him. And again, Behold I and the children which God hath given me.
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And I will wait upon the LORD, that hideth his face from the house of Jacob, and I will look for him.
Paul wrote:
And again, I will put my trust in him. And again, Behold I and the children which God hath given me.
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Behold, I and the children whom the LORD hath given me are for signs and for wonders in Israel from the LORD of hosts, which dwelleth in mount Zion.
Paul wrote:
Wherefore (as the Holy Ghost saith, To day if ye will hear his voice, Harden not your hearts, as in the provocation, in the day of temptation in the wilderness: When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my works forty years. Wherefore I was grieved with that generation, and said, They do alway err in their heart; and they have not known my ways. So I sware in my wrath, They shall not enter into my rest.)
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For he is our God; and we are the people of his pasture, and the sheep of his hand. To day if ye will hear his voice, Harden not your heart, as in the provocation, and as in the day of temptation in the wilderness: When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my work. Forty years long was I grieved with this generation, and said, It is a people that do err in their heart, and they have not known my ways: Unto whom I sware in my wrath that they should not enter into my rest.
Paul wrote:
While it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts, as in the provocation.
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For he is our God; and we are the people of his pasture, and the sheep of his hand. To day if ye will hear his voice, Harden not your heart, as in the provocation, and as in the day of temptation in the wilderness:
Paul wrote:
For we which have believed do enter into rest, as he said, As I have sworn in my wrath, if they shall enter into my rest: although the works were finished from the foundation of the world. For he spake in a certain place of the seventh day on this wise, And God did rest the seventh day from all his works. And in this place again, If they shall enter into my rest.
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Unto whom I sware in my wrath that they should not enter into my rest.
Paul wrote:
For he spake in a certain place of the seventh day on this wise, And God did rest the seventh day from all his works.
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And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made.
Paul wrote:
Again, he limiteth a certain day, saying in David, To day, after so long a time; as it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts.
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For he is our God; and we are the people of his pasture, and the sheep of his hand. To day if ye will hear his voice, Harden not your heart, as in the provocation, and as in the day of temptation in the wilderness:
Paul wrote:
So also Christ glorified not himself to be made an high priest; but he that said unto him, Thou art my Son, to day have I begotten thee.
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I will declare the decree: the LORD hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee.
Paul wrote:
As he saith also in another place, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec.
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The LORD hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek.
Paul wrote:
For when God made promise to Abraham, because he could swear by no greater, he sware by himself, Saying, Surely blessing I will bless thee, and multiplying I will multiply thee.
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And said, By myself have I sworn, saith the LORD, for because thou hast done this thing, and hast not withheld thy son, thine only son: That in blessing I will bless thee, and in multiplying I will multiply thy seed as the stars of the heaven, and as the sand which is upon the sea shore; and thy seed shall possess the gate of his enemies;
Paul wrote:
For this Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him; To whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all; first being by interpretation King of righteousness, and after that also King of Salem, which is, King of peace;
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And the king of Sodom went out to meet him after his return from the slaughter of Chedorlaomer, and of the kings that were with him, at the valley of Shaveh, which is the king's dale. And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God. And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth: And blessed be the most high God, which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he gave him tithes of all.
Paul wrote:
For he testifieth, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec. For there is verily a disannulling of the commandment going before for the weakness and unprofitableness thereof. For the law made nothing perfect, but the bringing in of a better hope did; by the which we draw nigh unto God. And inasmuch as not without an oath he was made priest: (For those priests were made without an oath; but this with an oath by him that said unto him, The Lord sware and will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec:)
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The LORD hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek.
Paul wrote:
Who serve unto the example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses was admonished of God when he was about to make the tabernacle: for, See, saith he, that thou make all things according to the pattern shewed to thee in the mount.
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And look that thou make them after their pattern, which was shewed thee in the mount.
Paul wrote:
For finding fault with them, he saith, Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah: Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; because they continued not in my covenant, and I regarded them not, saith the Lord. For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people: And they shall not teach every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord: for all shall know me, from the least to the greatest. For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more.
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Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah: Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith the LORD: But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people. And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the LORD: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the LORD: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.
Paul wrote:
Saying, This is the blood of the testament which God hath enjoined unto you.
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And Moses took the blood, and sprinkled it on the people, and said, Behold the blood of the covenant, which the LORD hath made with you concerning all these words.
Paul wrote:
Wherefore when he cometh into the world, he saith, Sacrifice and offering thou wouldest not, but a body hast thou prepared me: In burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin thou hast had no pleasure. Then said I, Lo, I come (in the volume of the book it is written of me,) to do thy will, O God.
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Sacrifice and offering thou didst not desire; mine ears hast thou opened: burnt offering and sin offering hast thou not required. Then said I, Lo, I come: in the volume of the book it is written of me, I delight to do thy will, O my God: yea, thy law is within my heart.
Paul wrote:
This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, saith the Lord, I will put my laws into their hearts, and in their minds will I write them; And their sins and iniquities will I remember no more.
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But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people. And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the LORD: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the LORD: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.
Paul wrote:
He that despised Moses' law died without mercy under two or three witnesses:
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At the mouth of two witnesses, or three witnesses, shall he that is worthy of death be put to death; but at the mouth of one witness he shall not be put to death.
One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that he sinneth: at the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall the matter be established.
Paul wrote:
For we know him that hath said, Vengeance belongeth unto me, I will recompense, saith the Lord. And again, The Lord shall judge his people.
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To me belongeth vengeance, and recompence; their foot shall slide in due time: for the day of their calamity is at hand, and the things that shall come upon them make haste. For the LORD shall judge his people, and repent himself for his servants, when he seeth that their power is gone, and there is none shut up, or left.
Paul wrote:
For yet a little while, and he that shall come will come, and will not tarry. Now the just shall live by faith: but if any man draw back, my soul shall have no pleasure in him.
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For the vision is yet for an appointed time, but at the end it shall speak, and not lie: though it tarry, wait for it; because it will surely come, it will not tarry. Behold, his soul which is lifted up is not upright in him: but the just shall live by his faith.
Paul wrote:
By faith Enoch was translated that he should not see death; and was not found, because God had translated him: for before his translation he had this testimony, that he pleased God.
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And Enoch walked with God: and he was not; for God took him.
Paul wrote:
Of whom it was said, That in Isaac shall thy seed be called:
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And God said unto Abraham, Let it not be grievous in thy sight because of the lad, and because of thy bondwoman; in all that Sarah hath said unto thee, hearken unto her voice; for in Isaac shall thy seed be called.
Paul wrote:
By faith Jacob, when he was a dying, blessed both the sons of Joseph; and worshipped, leaning upon the top of his staff.
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And he said, Swear unto me. And he sware unto him. And Israel bowed himself upon the bed's head.
Paul wrote:
And ye have forgotten the exhortation which speaketh unto you as unto children, My son, despise not thou the chastening of the Lord, nor faint when thou art rebuked of him: For whom the Lord loveth he chasteneth, and scourgeth every son whom he receiveth.
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My son, despise not the chastening of the LORD; neither be weary of his correction: For whom the LORD loveth he correcteth; even as a father the son in whom he delighteth.
Paul wrote:
(For they could not endure that which was commanded, And if so much as a beast touch the mountain, it shall be stoned, or thrust through with a dart:
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And thou shalt set bounds unto the people round about, saying, Take heed to yourselves, that ye go not up into the mount, or touch the border of it: whosoever toucheth the mount shall be surely put to death: There shall not an hand touch it, but he shall surely be stoned, or shot through; whether it be beast or man, it shall not live: when the trumpet soundeth long, they shall come up to the mount.
Paul wrote:
And so terrible was the sight, that Moses said, I exceedingly fear and quake:)
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For I was afraid of the anger and hot displeasure, wherewith the LORD was wroth against you to destroy you. But the LORD hearkened unto me at that time also.
Paul wrote:
Whose voice then shook the earth: but now he hath promised, saying, Yet once more I shake not the earth only, but also heaven.
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For thus saith the LORD of hosts; Yet once, it is a little while, and I will shake the heavens, and the earth, and the sea, and the dry land;
Paul wrote:
Let your conversation be without covetousness; and be content with such things as ye have: for he hath said, I will never leave thee, nor forsake thee.
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Be strong and of a good courage, fear not, nor be afraid of them: for the LORD thy God, he it is that doth go with thee; he will not fail thee, nor forsake thee. And Moses called unto Joshua, and said unto him in the sight of all Israel, Be strong and of a good courage: for thou must go with this people unto the land which the LORD hath sworn unto their fathers to give them; and thou shalt cause them to inherit it. And the LORD, he it is that doth go before thee; he will be with thee, he will not fail thee, neither forsake thee: fear not, neither be dismayed.
Paul wrote:
So that we may boldly say, The Lord is my helper, and I will not fear what man shall do unto me.
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The LORD is on my side; I will not fear: what can man do unto me?
NOTE: Some verses may textually appear to be different, 'unlikely' copies. The verses are quoted from the King James Bible (English translation). Other Bible versions may present more similar wordings.

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