Monday, 17 February 2020

According to Jesus of the bible all Christian will burn in hell


"And I say unto you, That many shall come from the east and west, and shall sit down with Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, in the kingdom of heaven. But the children of the kingdom shall be cast out into outer darkness; there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth." (Matthew 8:10-12.)
As you can read from the above believers will be with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob in the kingdom of heaven but taken out from it thrown in darkness why?!!


Many Christians will go hell (The Narrow Gate)
And He was passing through from one city and village to another, teaching, and proceeding on His way to Jerusalem.And someone said to Him, "Lord, are there just a few who are being saved?" And He said to them,"Strive to enter through the narrow door; for many, I tell you, will seek to enter and will not be able "Once the head of the house gets up and shuts the door, and you begin to stand outside and knock on the door, saying, 'Lord, open up to us!' then He will answer and say to you, 'I do not know where you are from. (Luke 13:22-25)
From the above passages one can't get any more clearer to prove that salvation for a Christian is not a guarantee.

Everyone will be salted with fire. (Mark 9:49 NIV)


"For everyone will be tested with fire. (Mark 9:49 NLT)


The above verse is ignored by Christians not realising they fall into it.. We read EVERYONE will be tested/salted by FIRE not specific but EVERYONE that includes EVERY CHRISTIAN.


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Pulpit Commentary

"Every one shall be salted with fire. "Every one." The statement is general in its application. There is no limitation. The good and the evil alike shall be "salted with fire."


The Greek word Πᾶς literally means by definition : Strong's Concordance all, the whole, every kind of.


MacLaren's Expositions Commentary
I. And so the first point that I would ask you to notice here is-that fiery cleansing to which every Christian must yield.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary
49. For every one shall be salted with fire, and every sacrifice shall be salted with salt—A difficult verse, on which much has been written—some of it to little purpose. "Every one" probably means "Every follower of mine"; and the "fire" with which he "must be salted" probably means "a fiery trial" to season him.

Matthew Poole's commentary

For every one shall be salted with fire, and every sacrifice shall be salted 

Mark 9:43-49 And if thy hand offend thee, cut it off: it is better for thee to enter into life maimed, than having two hands to go into hell, into the fire that never shall be quenched: Where their worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched. And if thy foot offend thee, cut it off: it is better for thee to enter halt into life, than having two feet to be cast into hell, into the fire that never shall be quenched: Where their worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched. And if thine eye offend thee, pluck it out: it is better for thee to enter into the kingdom of God with one eye, than having two eyes to be cast into hell fire: Where their worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched. For every one shall be salted with fire, and every sacrifice shall be salted with salt.
Jesus tells us to cut off our hands and feet, and pluck out our eyes to avoid going to hell. If his followers actually abided by this rule, most every Christian would be blind and crippled, especially your televangelists.

There is no escape for Christians. your Jesus declared all you Christians will burn


Sunday, 16 February 2020

The dilemma of Book of Jasher



Christians being Christians keep playing the same tape. They ask questions which only backfires on them. Below is an example of such ignorance coming from Christians. They tend to cite the following verse without having the slight knowledge of what they read.

Those who follow the Messenger, the unlettered prophet, whom they find written in what they have of the Torah and the Gospel, who enjoins upon them what is right and forbids them what is wrong and makes lawful for them the good things and prohibits for them the evil and relieves them of their burden and the shackles which were upon them. So they who have believed in him, honored him, supported him and followed the light which was sent down with him - it is those who will be the successful. (Surah 7:157)
Notice how Christians try to add their own twist to the text. What they did to their scriptures, Christians are trying to do it on ours, but instead they fail. The verse says, Those who follow the apostle, the unlettered Prophet, whom they find mentioned in their own (scriptures) "whom they find written"  the Arabic word used is (maktūban written). The verse does not say you will find his "name" in the bible, rather written about him, i.e. description. Muslims throughout time have given multiple descriptions of Prophet Muhammed Pbuh from the Bible, which Christians and Jews reject. Again, Christians were chasing something which wasn't even mentioned, this shows how deluded these Christians are. So, before Christians jump on Muslims asking us to show the "name" of Prophet Muhammed Pbuh in the Bible, maybe they should first look for the saying of the Jesus which apparently was quoted from the Torah.



This is where it backfires on them. Since Christians love asking questions without knowledge, how do they explain this problem found in their bible.


And the sun stood still, and the moon stopped, until the nation took vengeance on their enemies. Is this not written in the Book of Jashar? The sun stopped in the midst of heaven and did not hurry to set for about a whole day. (Joshua 10:13)

 There is no Book of Jasher in the Bible. Why does the text direct us to a source which we no longer possess? There are only two ways to explain this, both unpalatable to modern fundamentalists. Either the Book of Jasher was a divinely inspired document, but it has been lost – which contradicts the Bible’s claim, in Psalms 12:6-7, that God will preserve his words forever – or it was not a divinely inspired document – which means that infallible scripture endorses as a reliable source a book that is neither infallible nor the word of God!


Talk about double standards. The fact you can't show us the Book of Jasher which pre-dates the Book of  Isaiah shows you guys have no ground to stand upon. Note: Isaiah is telling his readers this event of the sun standing still can be found in a book which was written prior to his. Let's turn the tables, if the original text Isaiah is referring to is not accessible how could you believe in what Isaiah wrote it true? This also shows Isaiah was using information from a source unknown to his people?

Now we are asking you where is the Book of Jasher, that we can verify Isaiah inspired by Yahweh was speaking or in this case writing the truth.

Do you see how asking questions on show us where puts Christians in a dilemma. See if you guys can hack that!

Thursday, 6 February 2020

Did Jesus Ever Disobey The Talmud ?



Of course the TALMUD was written down long after Jesus lived. However the oral laws or traditions that compose this book were in existence in Jesus' day. The Jews made "a FENCE around the Law" (Abot 1:1). They were finally put to writing as the MISHNAH in 220 A.D. and the two GEMARAS were added later, each of which with the MISHNAH equals a TALMUD -- the JERUSALEM TALMUD (4th century) and the BABYLONIAN TALMUD (5th century). Also the TOSEFTA (composed of 2nd and 3rd century codifications similar to the MISHNAH) and the HALAKHIC MIDRASHIM (Mekhilta on Exodus, Sifra on Leviticus, Sifrei on Numbers and Deuteronomy, all compiled in the fourth and fifth centuries) etcetera. The oral Torah ("TRADITIONS of the elders" -- Matt. 15:2; Mark 7:3) is, among other things, the authority of the courts that Deuteronomy 17:8-17 allows in "binding and loosing" grey areas (cp. Deut. 1:16-17 & 2 Chr. 19:8-10). Jesus reaffirmed this legitimate role of oral law when he said, "The scribes and the Pharisees sit in Moses' seat. All, therefore, whatever they bid you observe, that observe and do" (Matt. 23:2-3).

Yes, Jesus OBEYED these oral traditions. For instance, the FOUR CUPS of WINE at Jesus' Passover meal (Luke 22;17,20; Mark 14:25) are nowhere found in the Old Testament scriptures but are mentioned in the Talmud (Mishnah Pesahim 10:7). The concept that CIRCUMCISION OVERRIDES the SABBATH to which Jesus referred (John 7:22-23) is nowhere found in the Old Testament scriptures but is mentioned in the Talmud (Shabbat 18:3). When Jesus used SPITTLE to CURE a man's BLINDNESS (Mark 8:23), this procedure is nowhere found in the Old Testament but is found in the Talmud. Spittle was commonly used to cure eye trouble (Sotah 16d; Baba Batra 126b). When Jesus told us to turn the other cheek (Matt. 5:39), he may have been quoting: "If you are struck you must forgive the offender even though he does not ask for your forgiveness" (Tractate Baba Qamma 9:29). When Jesus said, "Where TWO or THREE are gathered together in my name there am I in the midst" (Matt. 18:20), he was not quoting from the Old Testament. Instead he may have been quoting from R. Hananya who said: "If TWO sit together and interchange the words of the Torah, the Shekhinah abides between them ... " (M. Avot 3:3). But R. Halafta the son of Dosa of the village of Hananya said: " And whence can it be shown that the same applies to THREE? Because it is said He judges among the judges (the minimum number of judges being three), whence can it be shown that the same applies to TWO? Because it is said, Then they that feared the Lord ... (Mal.3:16)" (Avot 3:7; See also ARN 8; B. Sanh. 39a; B. Ber. 5b; Orach Chaiim, 55). Jesus' teaching on VISITING the SICK (Matt. 25:44) is not found in the Old Testament but is found in the Talmud Shabbat 127a, Nedarim 40a and Ben Sira 7:35. Even when his disciples began plucking ears of grain on the Sabbath (Mark 2:23-27) in violation of the Talmud (b. Sab. 73a-b), Jesus argues against this oral law by paraphrasing another oral law. Jesus said, "The SABBATH was MADE for MAN, not MAN for the SABBATH" (Mark 2:27). The Talmud says, "The SABBATH was GIVEN to YOU, but YOU were NOT GIVEN to the SABBATH" (Betzah 17). Jesus may have been paraphrasing Betsah 17 or a similar saying of R. Simeon ben Menasiah (Mek. Ex. 31:14; b. Yoma 85b). In Shab.128a we read, "Bundles which can be taken up with one hand may be handled on the Sabbath ... and he may break it with his hand and eat thereof" which is what Jesus' disciples were doing. In Matthew 12:5 Jesus used Rabbi Akiba's argument that "TEMPLE SERVICE takes precedence over Sabbath " (B. Shab. 132b; cf. also B. Yev. 7a). Also, "REGARD for LIFE overrules the Sabbath" (b. Yoma 85b). Moreover, in the case of any lingering doubt concerning the potential severity of an illness, legal presumption favors intervention and the Mishnah (Yoma 8:6) cites the principle: "Whenever there is doubt concerning LIFE being IN DANGER (the case discussed is a sore throat), this overrides the Sabbath." Otherwise you're guilty of murder. This explains why Jesus allowed his disciples to PLUCK GRAIN on the Sabbath. HUNGER also sets aside the ban on eating the Bread of Presence destined for priests only (Lev. 24:5-9; 1 Sam. 21:1-7) in the case of David and his hungry soldiers.

When Jesus said, "Seek ye first the kingdom of GOD, and HIS righteousness, and all these things (food and clothing) shall be added unto YOU" (Matt. 6:33), he was not quoting from the Old Testament. Instead, he may have been quoting the same Hillelite traditions as Gamaliel II later quoted when he said, "Do GOD'S will as if it were THY will, that He may do THY will as if it were HIS will" (Abot 2:4). When Jesus said "The LAW and the prophets were UNTIL John; since then the good news of the KINGDOM of GOD is preached" (Luke 16:16), he may have been paraphrasing Sanhedrin 97a which says: "The world is 6000 years. Two thousand are confusion, two thousand TORAH, two thousand days of the MESSIAH." He may have taken his teaching about being RECONCILED to a brother BEFORE OFFERING a gift (Matt. 5:23-24) from Bava Kama 9:12 & 110a which says, "He that OFFERS an oblation, NOT RESTORING that which he had unjustly taken away, does not do ... his duty." When Jesus said, "If you INSULT a brother or sister, you will be liable to the council" (Sanhedrin), he was not quoting from the Old Testament. Instead, he was paraphrasing the Talmud which states, "He who HUMILIATES his fellow in public, has no share in the world to come" (Baba Metzia 59a; Abot 3:15). When Jesus said, ""Whosoever looketh on a woman to LUST after her hath committed adultery with her already in his heart" (Matt. 5:28), he was not quoting from the Old Testament. Instead, he was quoting Talmud Berakhot 61a which says that a man who walks behind a woman crossing a stream has committed SIN since she may lift her dress to avoid getting wet. Jesus said,"Be ye therefore PERFECT, even as your Father, who is in heaven, is PERFECT" (Matt. 5:48). This verse is similar to the Jewish principle: "just as HE IS, so should YOU (strive) TO BE" (Gen. R. 46; B. Ned. 32a; Tan. B. Gen. (40a); Jerus. Talmud Meg. 4:10, 75c (14); Targ. J. I Lev. 22:18). When Jesus said, "Blessed are you that WEEP now, for you shall LAUGH" (Luke 6:21), he may have been quoting R. Johanan who said, "It is FORBIDDEN that a man's mouth be filled with LAUGHTER in this world" (b. Ber. 31a). For many other Talmudic parallels to the sayings of Jesus, see A Rabbinic Commentary On The New Testament by Samuel Lachs. But Jesus went beyond merely quoting oral law. He said a number of times, "Ye have heard that it hath been said by them of old ... but I SAY unto you" (Matt. 5:21,27,33,38,43). This was nothing short of creating his own oral law. "For he taught them as one having authority, and not as the scribes" (Matt. 7:29) who merely quoted previous sages.



Hillel didn't refer to a TRADITION to prove a scriptural point. Instead he used HERMENEUTICAL RULES --logical principles of interpretation. "He sat and expounded to them the whole day long but they did not accept" HIS TEACHINGS. Finally Hillel added: "I have received this TRADITION from Shemaiah and Abtalion." That authority was accepted." (Yer. Pesahim33a) The midrash method, with its constant reference to the TEXT ITSELF, resulted in the elimination of any authority which did not have a RATIONAL examination. Jesus also rejected TRADITION in favor of SCRIPTURAL PROOF. "For he taught them as one having authority, and not as the scribes" (Matt. 7:29) who merely quoted previous sages. The Shammai Pharisees asked Jesus why his disciples DISOBEYED the "TRADITION of the ELDERS". He answered, "Why do ye transgress the COMMANDMENT of GOD by YOUR TRADITION?" (Matt. 15:2-3; Mark 7:1-23). They added to or subtracted from the Bible (Deut. 4:2). In John 7:49 the Pharisees "cursed" the common people of the land who "knoweth not the (oral) law" and "believed on" Jesus. Jesus finally transferred halakhic authority to his disciples to be the oral law Torah interpreters for Christians (Matt. 18:18-20). Jesus said, "Whatsoever YOU bind on earth shall be bound in heaven" (Matt. 16:19). They usually bound Hillelite oral law. He said, "except your righteousness shall exceed the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees (Shammai represented established TRADITIONS), ye shall in no wise enter into the kingdom of Heaven" (Matt. 5:20). Each disciple brings "forth out of his treasure things new (oral halakah) and old (Torah)" (Matt. 13:52).

Jesus said, "in vain do they worship me, teaching for doctrines the COMMANDMENTS of MEN. AFTER eating MEAT(except fish), a Jew must wait 3 to 6 hours BEFORE eating DAIRY (butter, cheese, yoghurt). MEAT and DAIRY must not be mixed in cooking or in eating. SEPARATE pots and pans are used. If a MEAT product is accidentally placed in a dish that has been used for DAIRY foods, or vice versa, the dish must be cleaned and rinsed before reusing. This oral law is based on Exodus 23:19: "Thou shalt not boil a KID in its mother's MILK." As Jesus said, "For laying aside the commandment of God, ye hold the tradition of men, as the WASHING of POTS and CUPS; and many other such things you do" (Mark 7:8). On the slenderest of foundations, the rabbis enact these laws while ignoring Genesis 18:8 where Abraham "took BUTTER, and MILK, and the CALF which he had dressed, and set it before them (the angels) ... and they did eat." Abraham mixed MEAT and DAIRY. We believe that Jesus CONDEMNED the Jewish MEAT and DAIRY restrictions in Mark 7:8.

In another instance, Jesus didn't forbid a WOMAN when "she rose and SERVED him" (Matt.8:15). But the Talmud says, "One must not be WAITED ON by a WOMAN" (b. Qid. 70a). When Jesus HEALED a suffering woman on the Sabbath, he said, "Doth not each one of you on the SABBATH LOOSE his OX or his ASS from the STALL, and lead him away to watering? And ought not this woman, being a daughter of Abraham, whom Satan hath BOUND, lo, these eighteen years, be LOOSED from this BOND on the SABBATH DAY?" (Luke 13:15-16). Jesus was actually condemning the "traditions of the elders" (Talmud) here because the "TYING" and "LOOSENING" of a KNOT are FORBIDDEN WORK according to the Mishnah (Shab. 7:2) .

The Jews teach that the TALMUD was a "LAW given to MOSES at SINAI" (B.T. Berakot 5a; Shabbat 31a; Nedarim 37a & 38b; Rabbi Nathan 15:5:1; Mishnah Abot 1:1). Jesus called it the "TRADITIONS of MEN" (Mark 7:7-8) that make the LAW of GOD of "none effect" (Matt. 15:9). From the Talmud, Shabbat 15c and Baba Metzia 33A, R. Shimon ben Yohai says, "He who occupies himself with SCRIPTURE gains merit that is NO MERIT." "He who occupies himself with MISHNAH (Talmud) gains merit for which people receive a REWARD." Jews put the TALMUD on a higher level than SCRIPTURE. From Hagigah 1:7.V we read, "Some teachings were handed on ORALLY, and some things were handed on in WRITING ... we conclude that the ones that are handed on ORALLY are MORE PRECIOUS." "The Babylonian TALMUD represents GOD in the flesh" (Jacob Neusner, Rabbinic Judaism, p.62). They argue that the WRITTEN Torah was incomplete since Deuteronomy 12:21 says "SLAUGHTER ... as I have commanded thee" and only Mishnah Hullin tells us how to SLAUGHTER animals. And yet, the study of the uncensored Talmud by Gentiles was an offense punishable by DEATH until recently (Sanh. 59a).

Jews declare at the beginning of each year, "Every VOW which I make in the future shall be NULL" (Nedarim 23a & b). From the Mishnah Hagigah 1:8, "The absolution of vows (Kol Nidrei) hovers in the air, for it has NOTHING in the TORAH on which to depend. The laws of the Sabbath, festal offerings, and sacrilege ... have LITTLE SCRIPTURE for many laws." Ethiopian Falashas and Karaite Jews both IGNORE the TALMUD and only follow the written Old Testament laws. Both of these sects are discriminated against by Judaism. Talmud Sanhedrin 57a says a Jew need NOT PAY a gentile the wages owed him for work. Baba Kamma 113a & b teach that Jews may DECEIVE or CHEAT a Gentile. Jesus called the Jews LIARS (John 8:55). Sanhedrin 106a says Jesus' mother was a WHORE. Talmud Sanhedrin 43a says Jesus practiced BLACK MAGIC. Talmud Sanhedrin 107b and Sotah 47a say that Jesus was SEXUALLY IMMORAL and WORSHIPPED STATUES of stone. Shabbos 104b says He LEARNED WITCHCRAFT in Egypt. Gittin 57a says Jesus is IN HELL. Sanhedrin 43a says Jesus was executed because he PRACTICED SORCERY.

To heal pleurisy ("catarrh") a Jew should "take the EXCREMENT of a white dog and knead it with balsam" (Gittin 69b). To heal his flesh a Jew should take DUST that lies within the shadow of an outdoor TOILET, mix with honey and EAT it (Gittin 69a). Whoever disobeys the rabbis deserves DEATH and will be punished by being BOILED in HELL (Erubin 21b). "The best of WOMEN are filled with WITCHCRAFT" (Soferim 15:7). "The more WIVES, the more WITCHCRAFT" (Mishnah Abot 2:7). WOMEN are a "VALUELESS treasure" (Sanhedrin 100b) and "DUNG" (Shabbat 152b) and "MEAT from a butcher shop" (Nedarim 20b). Talmudic study for WOMEN is banned (Kiddushin 29b). Sexual intercourse between Eve and the serpent produced Cain (Yevamoth 103b). "Even the best of the GENTILES should all be KILLED" (Soferim 15, Rule 10). Berakoth 58a twists Ezekiel 23:20 to teach that GENTILES are SUB-HUMAN while Baba Mezia 114b, Yevamoth 61a, and Kerithoth 6b twist Ezekiel 34:31 to teach that ONLY JEWS are HUMAN. God says, "Ye shall not ADD unto the WORD which I command you, neither shall ye DIMINISH ought from it" (Deut. 4:2). But the oral law TRADITIONS of the Pharisees did just that which is why the Greek word for "TRADITION" adds up to 666.

Did Paul Obey the Talmud ?

Paul said, "I have committed nothing against the ... CUSTOMS of our FATHERS" -- Strong's #1485 "ethos" meaning "a usage (prescribed by habit or law) custom, manner." Paul was a fully-observant Hillelite Pharisee taught by Gamaliel, the grandson of Hillel. He and Silas "teach CUSTOMS" ("ethos") (Acts 16:21) which is the same word. HILLELITE oral law. The false rumor was that Paul taught Jews who are among Gentiles "to forsake Moses" (613 written laws) and not "walk after the customs" (Halachah of oral laws -- Mishnah) (Acts 21:21). The truth was that Paul "WALKEST ORDERLY" (keeps the oral law Halachah) and keepest the law (613 laws of Moses)" (Acts 21:24) -- Strong's #4748 "stoicheo" meaning "to march in rank; keep step." HALACHAH comes from the Hebrew word "holech" which means "to walk." Therefore "HALACHAH" means "how one walks." Each separate group had a court and HALACHAH: Zealots, Essenes, Saduccees, Hillelites and Shammaites. In Acts 15:13-21 we find James, as the Nassi, setting forth the HALACHAH. Paul walked in the HILLELITE HALACHAH or ORAL LAW. He says, "Keep the ORDINANCES as I delivered them to you" (1 Cor. 11:2) -- Strong's #3862 "paradosis" meaning "transmission; a precept; specifically the Jewish traditional law; ordinance, tradition. Paul also says, "I was zealous of the TRADITIONS ("paradosis") of my FATHERS" (Gal. 1:14), same word. Paul said, "Therefore, brethren, stand fast, and hold the TRADITIONS ("paradosis") which ye have been taught" (2 Th. 2:15). Same word again. HILLELITE ORAL LAW otherwise known as the TALMUD -- excluding unbiblical commands.

Paul strictly obeyed Jewish law (Acts 26:5). He said, "I AM a Pharisee, the son of a Pharisee" (Acts 23:6). He did not say, "I WAS a Pharisee." Paul studied under the head of the Sanhedrin (the highest court in Judea) "brought up in this city (Jerusalem) at the feet of Gamaliel" (Acts 22:3). Paul was probably a member of the Sanhedrin since it was the responsibility of the members of the Sanhedrin to witness public stonings and Paul was present at Stephen's stoning in an OFFICIAL capacity (Acts 7:58). Paul mentions that he was given "AUTHORITY" from the chief priests and he says, "I gave my voice (he cast his VOTE) against them" (Acts 26:10).

But did Paul ever DISAGREE with the Talmud? Paul taught that "elders," (Tit. 1:6), "deacons," (1 Tim. 3:12) and even a "bishop must be ... the husband of ONE WIFE" (1 Tim. 3:2) whereas Sanhedrin 20b & 21a allow 18, 24 or 48 wives.

Nowhere in the Torah are men told to COVER their heads. But in the Talmud there are statements that some righteous men refused to walk more than six feet without COVERING their heads (Shabbat 118b and Kiddushin 29b). Rabbi Nahman ben Isaac's mother told him, "COVER your head so that the fear of heaven will always be on you" (Shabbat 156b). The Maharal (Responsa Number 7) makes it clear that a KIPPAH or YARMULKAH is just a custom, a minhag. Any minhag that has been done by Israel for more than two hundred years is treated as if it is a rabbinic law. There is no biblical proof for wearing a head COVERING in the synagogue but many Jews do it because the High Priest wore a head COVERING when officiating in the sanctuary. Therefore they feel that they should wear a KIPPAH or YARMULKAH when praying. Jews want to avoid walking in the ways of the Gentiles and since the Gentiles pray with their heads UNCOVERED, they reason that they should pray the opposite way. But Paul said, "Every man praying or prophesying, having his head COVERED, dishonoureth his head" (1 Cor. 11:4). He was referring to the KIPPAH and the TALLITH which Jews sometimes use to COVER their heads. The Jewish women always wore -- and still do -- a head COVERING in the synagogue. Paul agreed with this Jewish custom in 1 Corinthians 11:5-6. Now since Paul said, "Be ye followers of me, even as I also am of Christ" (1 Cor. 11:1), we can be confident that Paul would not have condemned a practice that Jesus obeyed. Therefore, Jesus didn't wear a kippah.

In contrast with the Bible, the Talmud, influenced by Hellenism, contains explanations and stories and even descriptions of the IMMORTAL SOUL. It also teaches ASTROLOGY. The time, day and date upon which a person is born has an important influence on his destiny (Shab. 156a; Niddah 16b). The "MAZAL TOV" greeting actually means "May you have a fortunate CONSTELLATION." Later Jewish mystical literature, the Kabbala, even goes so far as to teach REINCARNATION (transmigration of souls), which is basically an ancient Hindu teaching. In Israel today, this is widely accepted as a Jewish teaching, and it also plays an important role in Hasidic belief and literature. However the doctrine of the resurrection from the dead is also taught in the Mishnah (Sanhedrin 10:1) and was included as the last of Maimonides' thirteen principles of faith. The Zohar calls JESUS a "DEAD DOG" (3:282a). The Kabbala contains NUMEROLOGY, BLACK MAGIC, SORCERY, and DEMONOLOGY. The use of INCANTATIONS, AMULETS and good luck CHARMS to cast spells is practiced by certain Rabbis. But evil spirits are an abomination to Yahweh (Lev. 19:31; 20:6; 27; Deut. 18:10-12; 1 Sam. 15:23; 1 Chr. 10:13-14; Ps. 5:4-6). Each year the FAST of TAMMUZ is celebrated from the 17th of Tammuz to the 9th of Ab. Section CXXIV of theSchulchan Aruch tells Jews how: "In the evening all enter the synagogue ... All should be SEATED on the ground, and only a few lights are lit just sufficient to enable them to say LAMENTATIONS ... in a low tone with a WEEPING intonation." Ezekiel said, "there SAT women WEEPING for TAMMUZ" in the Temple and he called it a "wicked abomination" (Ez. 8:9,14). In Sanhedrin 64b we read, "If one causes all his SEED to pass through the FIRE to MOLECH, he is EXEMPT from PUNISHMENT" but Leviticus 20:2 says, "Whosoever ... giveth of his SEED unto MOLECH, he shall surely be put to DEATH." The Talmud is steeped in the Kabbala. The Kabbala is paralleled in eastern YOGA. But Paul said we should NOT give 'heed to JEWISH FABLES, and COMMANDMENTS of MEN, that TURN from the TRUTH" (Titus 1:14).

Shabbat 116a says, "The BOOKS of the MINIM (the New Testament of Christians) may not be saved from a FIRE, but they must be BURNT." Those who READ the NEW TESTAMENT ("uncanonical books") will have no portion in the world to come (Sanhedrin 90a). MINIM (Christians) who reject the TALMUD will go to HELL (Rosh Hashanah 17a). Maimonides Mishnah Torah, chapter 10, page 184 says, "It is a mitzvah, however, to eradicate ... MINIM ... since they ... sway the people away from God, as did JESUS of Nazareth ... and Tzadok" (who obeyed the Old Testament but disobeyed the Talmud).

APPENDIX


There are 350 disputes between Beth Hillel and Beth Shammai recorded in the Talmud. Shammaites objected to the way Hillelites derived halakah from scripture (Y Pesahim 6:1). Hillel reasoned using 1.) "small to large" and the other way around, 2.) using a clear text to interpret an unclear one, 3.) "particular to general" logic, 4.) explaining the meaning of a word in one passage by how that word is used in another unrelated passage and 5.) using context to interpret unclear areas. Hillel adopted these hermeneutical principles of interpretation in an attempt to reconcile the Sadducees (who rejected oral law altogether) with the Pharisees (who in Hillel's case accepted only oral law backed by the Bible). But Shammaites opposed Sadducees and accepted all tradition. Jesus opposed the Shammaite method (Mark 7:7). Only very few of the names of the Rabbis are known who formed the two schools. Some of Hillel's followers were called by the title Rabbi, but none of Shammai's. Hillel himself had no title of "Rabbi." Thus Jesus may have been urging Hillelites to follow the example of their leader when he said, "Be not ye called Rabbi" (Matt. 23:8) rather than telling them to follow Shammai. Yohanan ben Zakkai (who established the Sanhedrin in Jabneh), Gamaliel (Paul's teacher), Gamaliel II, R. Joshua, R. Akiba and Jonathan ben Uzziel (Sukkah 28) were Hillelites. R. Eliezer was a Shammaite. God favored Hillel over Shammai (Erubin 13).

Which Pharisees "Enlarge the Tassels Of Their Garments ?"

Jesus condemned the Pharisees in Matthew 23:5 by saying, "But all their works they do to be seen of men; they make broad their phylacteries, and ENLARGE the borders (TASSELS) of their garments." T.B. Menahot 41b says, "How many threads must one insert? Beth Shammai say, FOUR; but Beth Hillel say, THREE. And how far must they hang down? Beth Shammai say FOUR (fingerbreadths); but Beth Hillel say THREE (fingerbreadths)." Jesus sided with Hillel's view that to insert THREE threads into the hole at each corner of the garment, and then doubling them in the middle so that six hang down, with THREE fingerbreadths of loose thread after the windings and knots, is sufficient. Furthermore, Hillel agreed with Jesus by saying, "He who makes a WORLDLY use of the crown of the Torah shall waste away" (Aboth 1:13).

Which Pharisees Disliked Using Scented Oil ?

In Berakoth 43b we read, "Beth Hillel ... (before going out) ... smears it (oil perfumed with myrtle) on the head of the attendant; and if the attendant is a man of learning, he smears it on the wall, since it is UNBECOMING for a SCHOLAR to go abroad SCENTED." Hillelites were for simplicity of life and the COMMON MAN and disliked the frivolous aristocracy who would anoint themselves with scented oil. R. Yohanan b. Zakkai, the famous disciple of Hillel, explained Eccl. 9:8, "Let thy garment be always white, and let not thy head lack ointment" to symbolize the keeping of the Law, the practice of good deeds and the study of the Torah (Koh. R. a.1.) -- not going around perfumed. Essenes regarded oil as defiling (War 2:8:3). If any Essene was anointed against his will, he would wipe it off. Essenes held an uncouth appearance to be a good thing. Jesus disciples also avoided perfumed oil. In Matthew 26:7-9 "There came unto him (Jesus) a woman having an alabaster box of very precious OINTMENT and poured it on his head (Jesus was a SCHOLAR), as he sat at meat ("and the house was filled with the odor" -- John12:3). But when his disciples saw it, they had INDIGNATION, saying, To what purpose is this waste? For this ointment might have been sold for much, and given to the POOR." But Jesus was an exception since it was for his burial.

Which Pharisees Built Their Own Succahs ?

According to Hillelites, the Succah obligation consists mainly in "sitting" and consuming meals there, not building one yourself (TB Succ. 27a; Succ. 2:7; M. Suc. 1:1). A friend may build the Succah and you share it. Shammaites require a change of habitation which implies erecting a new habitation. Shammai cut a hole in the roof of a house and put branches over it for a baby too young to change habitations (M. Succ. 2:8; TB 28b). We know from Matthew 17:4 that Peter offered to build three succahs for his friends, implying the Hillelite method, but this scripture is not conclusive proof of either way.

Which Pharisees Allowed Showers Instead Of Ritual Bathing ?


"One can take a ritual bath in a water fall, according to the opinion of the Shammaites; the Hillelites do not permit it" (M. Miqvaoth 5:6; Tosephta Miqvaoth 4:10). The teaching of Hillel and the New Testament is immersion: "Jesus, when he was baptised, went up straightway out of the water" (Matt. 3:16). The Greek word "baptizo" means "immerse." Both Philip and the eunuch went down into the water (Acts 8:38). John baptized around Aenon near Jerusalem "because there was much water there" (John 3:23). Baptism is a burial and rising from the grave (Col. 2:12; Rom. 6:3-5).

Which Pharisees Didn't Worry About Tomorrow ?

Hillel was noted for being satisfied with his lot and he was in the habit of saying: "Blessed be God for this day." He was never worried over what the following day might bring and taught the members of his household to feel likewise. "It once happened with Hillel the elder that he was coming from a journey, and he heard a great cry in the city, and he said: I am confident that this does not come from my house. Of him scripture says: He shall not be afraid of evil tidings; his heart is steadfast, trusting in the Lord" (Ps. 112:7)." (Berakoth 60a). He had faith that God would protect his family. Several generations after Hillel, the teaching of his school was summed up by R. Eleazar ben Azariah (ca. 100 CE) in these words: "Whoever has sufficient food for the day and says,'What shall I eat tomorrow?' is lacking in faith" (Mekilta Beshallah, Masseket Vayyassa',ch.2, p. 161). Jesus agreed with Hillel when he said, "Take no thought (be not anxious) for your life, what ye shall eat, or what ye shall drink; nor yet for your body, what ye shall put on ... For after all these things do the Gentiles seek. For your heavenly Father knoweth that ye have need of all these things. But seek ye first the kingdom of God, and his righteousness, and all these things shall be added unto you. Take therefore no thought for the morrow: for the morrow shall take thought for the things of itself. Sufficient unto the day is its own evil" (Matt. 6:34). But Shammai taught that since the Sabbath is the most important day of the week, every Jew should prepare for it as if preparing for a prince. Beginning on Sunday he would therefore search for the best things and reserve them for the Sabbath. He never permitted good food to be served at his table on a weekday unless he had better food prepared for the Sabbath (Bezah 16a).

Did Jesus Or Paul Ever Quote From The Talmud ?


"It is enough for a disciple to be as his master" (b. Ber. 58b; Matt. 10:25) "With what measure ye mete, it shall be measured to you again" (Sot. 1:7; Matt. 7:2). "Sufficient unto the day is the evil thereof" (b. Ber. 9b; Matt. 6:34). "Physician, heal thyself" (Ber. R. 23:4; Luke 4:23). "I am first ... I am last" (Shemot Rabbah 29:5; Rev. 1:11).

"As for the world beyond the grave, no eye hath seen, and no ear hath heard, but God alone knows what he hath prepared for those who wait for Him" (Berakot 34b; 1 Cor. 2:9). "In Paradise there will be reserved for the righteous a sumptuous banquet, at which the huge leviathan, the mystical fish, will be the principal dish" (B. Batra 74b-75a; Mt. 24:28). "Rab used to say: "The World-to-Come is not like this world. In the World-to-Come there is no eating and drinking, no begetting of children, no bargaining, no jealousy and hatred, and no strife. But the righteous sit with their crowns on their heads, enjoying the effulgence of the Shekinah" (Berakot 17a; Mark 12:25). "Rabbi Simeon ben Eleazar said, 'Didst thou ever see any animal or bird exercise any trade or handicraft and yet they are maintained without trouble or care; they were created to serve me; would it not follow, that I, who was created for the sole purpose of worshipping my Creator, should also find my maintenance without trouble, if it were not that, through my evil conduct, I have forfeited my maintenance'" (Kedushin 4:14; Matt. 6:26). "Let therefore one new regulation be subjected to conclusions drawn from another new regulation; but let not a new regulation be subjected to conclusions drawn from an old established regulation" (Yadaim 4:3; Matt. 9:17). "It were good ... that you vow not at all" (Hullin 2:17; Matt. 5:34). "Be you guilty or innocent, do not swear" (Jer. Shebuoth 6:6, 37a; Matt. 5:34). "He who has compassion upon men, upon him God has compassion" (Sabbath 151b). Matt. 6:14). "The Law said it is better that one life should be lost and that the many lives should not be lost" (Midrash Tannaim 21:21; John 11:50). "(It is like) one to whom there fell in inheritance a residence in a sea-port city and he sold it for a small sum and the purchaser went and dug through it and found in it treasures of silver and treasures of gold and precious stones and pearls. The seller almost choked. So did Egypt because they sent away (Israel) and did not know what they sent away" (Mekilta 14:5; Matt. 13:44). "Whoever receives the Sages is as if he received the Shekinah" (Mekilta 18:12; Mt. 10:40). "He who humiliates his fellow in public has no share in the world to come" (T. Baba Metzia 59a; Matt. 5:21-22). "If a woman will not consent to her husband (to have sex) he may reduce her Ketubah by seven denars for every week ... So too if a husband will not consent to his wife, her Ketubah may be increased by three denars a week" (M. Ket. 5:7; 1 Cor. 7:3-4). "And so the Holy One, blessed be He, said to Israel, "My children, whenever you feed the poor I count it up for you as if you fed me" (Midrash Tannaim 15:9; Matt. 25:35,40). "If they believed Moses a fortiori (they believed) the Lord" Mekilta 14:31; John 5:46). "There was a chamber for secret almsgiving wherein pious men put gifts for the nourishing of the deserving poor" (Shekalim 5:6; Matthew 6:3). "The best of physicians is destined for Gehinnom" (Kedushin 4:14; Mark 5:25-26). "He (the High Priest on Yom Kippur) ... offered a shorter prayer in the outer house, and he did not prolong his prayer, lest he should excite terror in Israel" (lest they think he had been killed by God) (Yoma 5:1; Luke 1:21).
"With whom is Rabbi Bun son of Hiyya to be compared? With a king who hired several laborers. Among them was one labourer who was particularly zealous. What did the king do? He took this (labourer) for walks, long and short. In the evening the labourers came to receive their pay, and the king gave this (labourer) the full (day's) pay just as he gave the others. At that the labourers grumbled and said: 'We have worked hard the whole day, and he worked only two hours and (still) received the same pay as we (did).' To that the king rejoined: 'This (labourer) has achieved more in two hours than you with your hard work throughout the whole day. So Rabbi Bun has achieved more in 28 years in respect to the study of Torah than another ... in 100 years'" (Jer.T. Berakot 2:8;Matt. 20:1-16).

"Let your garments be always white, and let not oil be lacking on your head" (Eccl. 9:8). Said Rabban Yohanan ben Zakkai, This can be compared to a king who invited his servants to a banquet, but did not fix a time. The prudent ones among them adorned themselves and sat at the door of the palace, for they said 'Is anything lacking in a royal palace?' The fools among them went to work, for they said 'Can there be a banquet without preparations?' Suddenly the king summoned his servants. The prudent ones went in adorned, but the foolish ones went in soiled. The king rejoiced at the prudent, but was angry with the fools. He said, 'Let those who adorned themselves for the banquet sit and eat and drink, but those who did not adorn themselves for the banquet are to stand and watch.'" (Bab. T. Shabbat 153A; Matt. 25:1-13).

"He who would purify himself, they (i.e. God) assist" (Sabbath 104a; Matt. 5:6).

"R. Tanchum b. Hanilai said, He who hungers -- makes himself hungry -- for the words of the Law in this world, God will satisfy him in the world to come" (Sanhedrin 100a; Matt. 5:6).

"Who will inherit the life to come? He who is humble, and constantly studies the Law, and does not claim credit for himself" (Sanhedrin 88b; Matt. 18:4).

"He who rejoices in the chastisement which befall him in this world, brings salvation to the world" (Taanith 8a; Matt. 5:10-12). "Of them who are oppressed and do not oppress, who are reviled and who do not (in reply) revile, who act only from love (to God), and rejoice in their sufferings, the scripture says: They who love Him are like the sun when it rises in its might" (Judges 5:31)(Sabbath 88b; 1 Pet. 2:23).

"He who hears his curse in silence, even though he could stop it, is called an ally of God, for the nations revile Him, and He keeps silence" (Midrash Psalms 16:10 62a; Acts 8:32).

"Be heedful of a light precept as of a grave one, for thou knowest not the grant of reward for each precept" (Aboth 2:1; Matt. 5:19).

"It is a common custom, said R. Elazar, that if a man has insulted his neighbor in public, and after a time wants to be reconciled to him, the other would say, You insulted me in public, and now you want to make it up with me in private; go, bring those men before whom you insulted me, and then I will be reconciled to you" (Pesikta 163b; Acts 16:37-39).

"Not a letter shall be abolished from the Law forever" (Ex. R. 6:1; Matt. 5:18).

A king told his laborers that he would pay them for tilling his garden. At the end of the day, the king determined the specific work done by each. The worker who tilled near the palm tree received one gold coin. The worker who tilled near the pepper tree received two gold coins. When the first worker found out he had been given less, he protested to the king: "If I had known that working near the pepper tree would be worth two gold coins, I would not have worked near the palm tree." To this the king responded, "But if I had told all the workers ... the whole of my garden would not have been tilled" (Deut. R. 6:2; Matt. 5:19). (Rabbis think this is why God didn't say which commands are most important.)

"Hillel came from the roadway and heard loud shouting coming from a house near his home. He said to his companions: 'I am confident this does not issue from my own home'" ((Berakhot 60) He had taught his household to abstain from loud talking and shouting. In a similar way, Jesus "shall not strive, nor cry; neither shall any man hear his voice in the streets" (Matt. 12:19).

It is taught in the name of R. Akiba: A man should accustom himself to say: all that is done in Heaven is done for the best. R. Akiba was travelling, with an ass, a rooster and a lamp. He reached a town, and sought a place to sleep, but no one would admit him. He therefore slept in the open, on the outskirts of the town. A wild beast consumed the ass, a wildcat devoured the rooster, and a wind extinguished his light. Nevertheless he said: 'Surely this must all be for good.' In the morning he discovered that bandits had fallen upon the town and had carried the residents into captivity. Akiba said: 'Is not everything for the best? If my donkey had brayed, or my rooster had crowed, or my lamp had shown a light, they would have carried me off as well" (Berakhot 61; see also Niddah 31a). Paul repeated this principle in Romansd 8:28 when he said, "All things work together for good to them that love God."

R. Eliezer, R. Joshua and R. Zadok were feasting in the house of Rabban Gamaliel; they "leaned" according to usage, but Rabban Gamaliel stood and served them with drink. He extended the beaker to R. Eliezer who declined it; he gave it R. Joshua, who accepted it. They said to him: 'How is it, Joshua, that we are seated, while Gamaliel, of the Master, stands and offers us drink?' He replied: 'We find that one greater than Gamaliel offered service, namely Abraham, concerning whom it is written: 'And he stands above them.' They did not appear to him as ministering angels, but as Arabs. Therefore should not Rabban Gamaliel, of the Master, stand and give us drink?" Rabbi Zadok said to him: "How long will ye ignore the honor of the Omnipresent One, and concern yourselves only with the honor of his creatures? The Holy One, Blessed be He, bloweth the winds and bringeth upwards the clouds; He bringeth down rain and causeth the earth to bring forth plants; He prepareth a table for each and every one of his creatures. Therefore shall not Rabban Gamaliel of the Master, stand and give us drink?" (Kiddushin 33). As Jesus said, "Ye call me Master and Lord; and ye say well; for so I am. If I then, your Lord and Master, have washed your feet; ye also ought to wash one another's feet" (John 13:5,14). Also he said, "If any man desire to be first, the same shall be last of all, and servant of all" (Mark 9:35).

The Talmud states, "There is no father except God" (Berakot 35). Jesus also said, "Call no man your father upon the earth; for one is your father who is in heaven" (Matt. 23:9).

"A transgression of any one of the Ten Commandments means a denial of God" (Tosefta Shebuot 3,5). Paul agreed : "They profess that they know God, but in works they deny him, being abominable, and disobedient" (Tit. 1:16).

R. Eleazar ha-Modii said: 'We learn from the story of the Manna that He who fashioned the day also fashioned sustenance for it. Hence he who has bread for one day and is anxious that he may not have food on the morrow is a man with little trust" (Mekilta Beshallah). Jesus agreed, "Take no thought for your life, what ye shall eat" (Matt. 6:25). Rabbi Phinehas said: A king left his country and returned after an absence of several years. When he arrived at his palace, his own sons did not recognize him, but looked at each duke and count, searching their faces in quest of their father. The king said: 'They are without power; I am your father.' Thus saith God: 'Turn not unto the angels and saints. They are powerless to avail in your behalf. Turn unto Me; I am your Father" (Pesikta Rabbati, 21,11). Paul also condemned "worshipping of angels" in Colossians 2:18.

"The just are judged by their good inclination; the unjust by their evil inclination" (Berakot 61). "For with what judgment ye judge, ye shall be judged" (Matt. 7:2).

"One verse declares: 'God is good to all" and another verse says: "God is good to those who trust in Him.' This is like a man who owns a fruit garden. If he irrigates the field he irrigates all the trees, but if he hoes, he hoes only the healthy trees" (Sanhedrin 39). "Let us do good unto all men, especially unto them who are of the household of faith" (Gal. 6:10).

"When God displayed to Moses all the treasuries of merit prepared for the righteous -- one for those who give alms, one for those who provide for orphans, and so on, Moses beheld one large treasury, and inquired as to its owner. God replied: 'To the man who has merit I give of his own, and to him who has none I bestow upon without payment, as it is written: 'And I will show favor upon whom I will show favor'" (Ex. 33:19) (Tanhuma Buber, Ki-tissa). "Hath not the potter power over the clay, of the same lump to make one vessel unto honor, and another unto dishonor?" (Rom. 9:21).

"The straw and the chaff are arguing together. The straw maintained, that it is for its sake that the field was sown and plowed, whilst the stem claimed that it was on its account that the work was undertaken. Thereupon the wheat said, 'Wait until the harvest comes, and we shall know with what purpose the field was sown.' When the harvest came and the work of threshing began, the chaff was scattered to the wind, the stem was given to the flames, whilst the wheat was carefully gathered on the floor. In a similar way the heathens say, 'It is for our sake that the world was created,' whilst Israel makes the same claim for itself. But wait for the Day of Judgment, when the chaff will be eliminated, and the wheat will be kissed (Sonng 7:3; Ps. 2:12)" (Pesikta Rabbathi p.36). This is very similar to the parable in Matthew 13:24-30.

"He who will explain to me a certain word, I will carry his cloth after him to the bath" (B.T. Baba Mezia 45a). John the Baptist also said, "whose shoes I am not worthy to bear" (Matt. 3:11).

R. Pinchas b. Yair of the second century said purification (immersing in water) is one of the higher rungs in the ladder leading to the Holy Spirit. Matthew 3:16-17 illustrates this principle: "And Jesus when he was baptised, went up straightway from the water: and lo, the heavens were opened unto him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending as a dove, and coming upon him." The Talmud also compares the Holy Spirit to a dove (B.T. Chag. 15a).


"Be not righteous overmuch" (Eccl. 7:16) means "Be not more righteous than thy Maker" (B.T. Yoma 22b & R. Eliezer ch.44) when Saul failed to exterminate the Amalekites."Let your speech be yea, yea; nay, nay" (Torath Kohanim 91b; commenting on Lev. 19:36). Jesus also said this (Matt. 5:37).

"I might hear so-and-so, therefore there is a teaching to say that..." (Mechilta 3a, 6a, etc). Jesus also said, "You have heard that it hath been said ..." (Matt. 5:38, 43, etc.).

"Think not that you may swear by my name, even in truth" (Tanchuma). "Swear not at all" (Matt. 5:34).

"There was a king who desired to build, and to lay foundations he dug constantly deeper, but found only a swamp. At last he dug and found a petra. He said, 'On this spot I shall build and lay the foundations.' So the Holy One, blessed be he, desired to create the world, but meditating upon the generations of Enoch and the deluge, he said, 'How shall I create the world whilst those wicked men will only provoke me?' But as soon as God perceived that there would rise an Abraham, he said, 'Behold, I have found the petra upon which to build and to lay foundations.' Therefore he called Abraham Rock, as it is said, 'Look unto the rock whence ye are hewn. Look unto Abraham your father'" (Isa. 51:1-2; commenting on Nu. 23:9; Yalkut I:766). Yes "Thou art Peter (Petros) and upon this rock (Petra) I will build my church" (Matt. 16:18).

"No king should be judged or called as a witness; neither shall he act as a judge, nor have witnesses testify against him" (Sanh. 101). Perhaps this is why Jesus was silent during his trial -- "he opened not his mouth" (Acts 8:32).

"If the judge says to the defendant: remove the toothpick from thy teeth (namely, restore the object of a petty larceny), the latter would retort: remove a board from between thine eyes (namely, restore the object of a grand larceny)." (Pesikta de R. Kahana, 15; Ruth Rabbah 1). "And why beholdest thou the mote that is in thy brother's eye, but considerest not the beam that is in thine own eye?" (Matt. 7:3).

"in the future the gates of Jerusalem will reach to Damascus (Sifre Debarim 1). See Revelation 21:16. "In the Jerusalem of the present anyone may enter, but in the Jerusalem of the World-to-Come, only the invited may enter" (Baba Batra75). See Revelation 21:8. "Ten things will God bring to pass in the future: He will give light; He will cause fresh, curative waters to come forth from Jerusalem; the trees will bear fruit each month; all cities that have been destroyed, including even Sodom, will be rebuilt; Jerusalem will be rebuilt with sapphires; a cow and a bear will graze together; all animals will be domesticated; there will no longer be weeping or death, and everyone will rejoice at all times" (Shemot Rabbah 15,21). See Revelation 21:4 to 22:2. "The Holy One, Blessed be He, hath built a Jerusalem above in the likeness of the one below" (Zohar i, 80b). "When the Holy One, Blessed be He, renews His world, He will build a Jerusalem and lower it down, completely built, from above, an edifice not subject to destruction" (Zohar i, 114a; Midrash ha-Neelam). This parallels Revelation 21:2. "Will it (Jerusalem) hold all nations? Will it be large enough to constitute the Throne of the Lord?" R. Hanina replied: "God will say unto it: 'Become long, become wide, and receive within thyself all the multitudes who come.'" (Bereshit Rabbah 5).

"There are seven groups of Pharisees: the "shoulder Pharisee" who indulges in ostentatious piety; the wait-a-bit Pharisee," who when someone has business with him, says: Wait a little, I must do a good deed; the "reckoning Pharisee," who when he commits a fault and does a good deed, crosses off one with the other, instead of repenting; the "economizing Pharisee" who asks: what economy can I practice to spare a little to perform a good deed?" (he should reflect in his own mind); the "show-me-my-fault Pharisee," who says: "Show me what sin I have committed"; the Pharisee of fear, like Job; the Pharisee of love, like Abraham. The last is the only kind dear to God" (Yer. Sotah 20c; Sotah 22b). Rabbi Joshua ben Hananiah said: "A fool saint, a subtle knave, a woman Pharisee and the plague of Pharisees bring ruin on the world" (Mishnah Sotah 3,4). What is a subtle knave? One who interprets the law, when applied to himself, in a way to lighten its requirements, but in a more burdensome way for others. What is the plague of Pharisees? Scholars acting as lawyers who give counsel by which, apparently in strict form of law, the law may be circumvented" (Yer. Sotah 19a). Jesus also said, "But woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites ..." (Matt. 23:13-36).


"Take a place in the lecture room two or three rows behind that to which the order of precedence would entitle you" (Abot de R. Nathan ch. 25). Jesus said, "sit down in the lowest room that, when he that bade thee cometh, he may say unto thee, Friend, go up higher" (Luke 14:10).

"A lawsuit about a small coin should be esteemed of as much account as a suit of a hundred gold coins" (Sanh. 8a). Jesus also said, "He that is faithful in that which is least is faithful also in much" (Luke 16:10).

"No king should be judged or called as a witness" (Sanhedrin 101). Jesus remained silent when standing trial because he was a king (John 18:37) and was forbidden to testify according to this oral law" (Acts 8:32).

"If those who did not receive the Torah perform deeds of kindness, how much the more should Israel, who accepted the Torah" (Basba Batra 10; Tanhuma Tissa). "And shall not uncircumcision, which is by nature, if it fulfill the law, judge thee, who by the letter and circumcision dost transgress the law?" (Rom. 2:27).

"If I do not labor, I shall not eat" (Bereshit Rabbah 2:2). "this we commanded you, that if any would not work, neither should he eat" (2 Th. 3:10).

"He who strives for pleasures in this world will in all likelihood be deprived of pleasures in the World-to-Come" (Abot-de-R. Nathan 28:5). "Woe unto you that laugh now! For ye shall mourn and weep" (Luke 6:25).

"Ben Azzai said: "He whose bodily strength is weakened through his intense desire to acquire wisdom shows thereby his wisdom. He whose wisdom is weakened through care for his bodily strength shows his folly" (Tosefta Berakot 3). "For bodily exercise profiteth little, but godliness is profitable unto all things" (1 Tim. 4:8).

"Woe will come to me from my Creator if I hearken to my impulses! Woe will come to me from my impulses if I obey my Creator!" (Berakot 61). "For the flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh; and these are contrary the one to the other" (Gal. 5:17).

"The purity of the thought in the heart is recognized by the words on the lips" (Zohar v, 295). "For out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh" (Matt. 12:34).

"Never did the Presence (that is God) descend to earth, nor did Moses and Elijah ascend to heaven" (Sukkah 5a). "For David is not ascended into the heavens" (Acts 2:34).

"Warning must precede punishment" (Yoma 81). "If thy brother shall trespass against thee, go and tell him his fault" (Matt. 18:15).

"When the shepherd blunders along his way, his flock blunders after him" (Pirke de R. Eliezer 42). "If the blind lead the blind, both shall fall into the ditch" (Matt. 15:14).

"Rabbi Akiba was rebuked by Rabbi Jose, the Galilean, for 'profaning the Divine Presence" by teaching that the Messiah occupies a throne alongside of God." (Hagigah 14a). "Jesus ... is set down at the right hand of the throne of God" (Heb. 12:2).

"The juice kept in the grape from the first-grown vine is ancient wisdom which has not yet been revealed" (Midrash ha Neelam i 135b) (to be served at the Messianic Banquet with Leviathan). "i will not drink of the fruit of the vine, until the kingdom of God shall come" (Luke 22:18).

"Today, if ye would but hearken to his voice" (Sanhedrin 98). "Today, if ye will hear his voice" (Heb. 4:7).

"In the Age-to-Come there will be no death, no sorrow and no tears" (Mishnah Moed Katon 3,9). "And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain" (Rev. 21:4).

"For three-and-a-half years Hadrian besieged Bethar" (Y. Taanit 4). "And the woman fled into the wilderness, where she hath a place prepared by God, that they should feed her there a thousand two hundred and three score days" (Rev. 12:6).

"A man should be as careful about a light commandment as about a grave one, since he does not know how they are to be rewarded" (Abot 2:1). "Whosoever, therefore, shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven" (Matt. 5:19).

"God says: 'To me Israel appears as honest and faithful as doves, but to the nations Israel appears to be as subtle and crooked as serpents" (Shir ha-Shirim Rabbah 2). "Be ye therefore, wise as serpents, and harmless as doves" (Matt. 10:16).

The heathen is thy neighbor, thy brother; to wrong him is a sin" (Tana d'be Eliyahu p.284). To cheat a Gentile is even worse than cheating a Jew, for besides being a violation of the moral law, it brings Israel's religion into contempt, and desecrates the name of Israel's God" (Baba Kama 113b). Said R. Alexanderi: "God saith to the Gentiles: 'Be not afraid to come near Me even if thou hast offended greatly. Have I not accepted in My fold Rahab, the harlot, who married Joshua and had fine descendants? Have I not received Jethro, the Pagan Priest, whose daughtermarried Moses, our greatest man? Have I not promised that the Messiah will descend from Ruth, the Moabitess?" (Pesikta Rabbati 41:3). R. Meir said: "Ye shall therefore keep My statutes and My ordinances, which, if a man do, he shall live by them' (Lev. 18:5). It is not said that ptiests, Levites and Israelites shall live by them, but 'a man'; therefore, even a Gentile" (Sanhedrin 59a). "The Torah was givenin the desert, given with all publicity in a place to which no one had any claim, lest, if it were given in the land of Israel, the Jews might deny to the Gentiiles any part in it" (Mekilta on Exodus 19:2). "The Torah was given in the desert, in fire and in water, things which are free to all who are born into the world. It was revealed at Sinai, not in one language, but in four (or in seventy) ... But the nations refused the Torah because it forbade the sins to which they were by heredity addicted; murder, adultery and robbery" (Seifre, Dent., Friedman, 14). Philip helped an Ethiopian Eunuch, Christ commanded us to go into all the world and preach the gospel to every creature and the book of Revelation mentions an innumerable multitude from every nation (Rev. 7:9). We should not call any man common or unclean. "R. Eliezer said: "Yea is an oath and nay is an oath" (Shebuot 36a). "On the last days of Passover, the Jew sings the song of Moses; the Rabbis wisely said that song does not only refer to the song that Moses and Israel sang in the past,, but also to the song that Israel and his deliverers will sing in the days to come. The Bible does not say: "... then Moses sang" but "then Moses will sing" -- and here we find the proof of resurrection in the Torah" (Sanhedrin 91b). "And they sing the song of Moses" (Rev. 15:3). "The proverb says: "The door that is closed to a Mitzwah is open to a physician" (Shir ha-Shirim Rabbah 6:1). "Jesus ... said unto the sick ... thy sins be forgiven thee" (Matt. 9:2). "A physician who is himself unwell is usually told: "Cure thyself, and then cure others" (Midrash Aggadat Bereshit 4:25) "Physician heal thyself" (Luke 4:23). "A good tree brings good fruit" (Shir ha-Shirim Rabbah 7) "A good tree bringeth forth good fruit" (Matt. 7:17). "People are like blades of grass; they sprout and they wither" (Erubin 54). "For all flesh is like grass, and all the glory of man like the flower of grass. The grass withereth, and its flower falleth away" (1 Pet. 1:24). "God searched for the best gift He might offer Israel, and He found nothing better than poverty" (Hagigah 9). 1 Timothy 6:10 says, "the love of money is the root of all evil." "It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God" (Matt. 19:24). "He who is poor in this world will be rich in the World to Come" (Alphabeth of R. Akiba 22; edit. Jellineck). "Woe unto you that are rich! For ye have received your consolation" (Luke 6:24).

Tuesday, 4 February 2020

The Nazareth Inscription


Does the “Nazareth Inscription” confirm the resurrection?
by Ibn Anwar, BHsc (Hons), MCollT
    Some hours ago, an article dated April 1st, 2015 that makes the bold claim that “Caesar confirmed the resurrection” was brought to my attention.* The article is written by Henry B. Smith Jr. who earned his MAR (Master of Arts in Religion) from Westminster Theological Seminary in Philadelphia and is the director of development for the Associates of Biblical Research. In the article, he confidently claims that the so called “Nazareth Inscription” was enacted by Claudius Caesar and it confirms the Christian belief regarding the resurrection of Jesus. What follows is an examination of this claim.
The “Nazareth Inscription” is in Greek but scholars believe that it was translated from Latin. [1] The scanned image below is a transcription of the Greek and its translation by the late premiere Textual Critic Bruce Metzger.
Metzger, B. M. (1980). New Testament Studies: Philological, Versional, and Patristic. Leiden, The Netherlands: E. J. Brill. p. 76
Metzger, B. M. (1980). New Testament Studies: Philological, Versional, and Patristic. Leiden, The Netherlands: E. J. Brill. p. 76
“It is my pleasure that graves and tombs—whoever has made them as a pious service for ancestors or children or members of their house—that these remain unmolested in perpetuity. But if any person lay information that another either has destroyed them, or has in any other way cast out the bodies which have been buried there, or with malicious deception has transferred them to other places, to the dishonor of those buried there, or has removed the headstones or other stones, in such a case I command that a trial be instituted, just as if they were concerned with the gods for the pious services of mortals. For beyond all else it shall be obligatory to honor those who have been buried. Let no one remove them for any reason. if anyone does so, however, it is my will that he shall suffer capital punishment on the charge of tomb-robbery.” [2]
Upon close inspection and reading of the “Nazareth Inscription” above, one can safely conclude that it proves nothing concerning the resurrection. Firstly, we do not know for certain that this inscription actually originates from Nazareth as pointed out by Prof. Bruce Metzger: “Nothing is recorded of its previous history except a brief note in Froehner’s handwritten inventory: “Dalle de Marbre envoyee de Nazareth en 1878.” One should observe that the dote does not say “discovered at Nazareth , but “sent from Nazareth.” Whether the marble slab had been erected originally at Nazareth, or had been brought there from some other locality, either in antiquity or in modern times, is quite unknown. In the 1870’s Nazareth (like Jerusalem) was a natural market for dealers in antiquities.” [3] 
Mark Chancey believes that it is likely that it originated in or near Galilee, but he offers no corroborating evidence for this claim. Though we respect his scholarly credentials, that is but guesswork. But despite his conjecture on the likelihood of the inscription’s Galilean origin, he does essentially agree with Metzger that the document that accompanied the inscription says that it was sent from Nazareth and not that it had actually been discovered there:
“Yet, as has often been pointed out, the inscription’s sparse accompanying documentation said only that it had been sent from Nazareth, not that it had been found there. Since Nazareth was heavily involved in the European antiquities trade, it would have been a natural place for the inscription’s finder to take it. Theoretically, it could have come from anywhere; other proposed places of origin include Samaria and Asia Minor.” [4]
And so based on Froehner’s handwritten document, the item containing the inscription may well have been auctioned or sold in Nazareth by one of its many antique dealers and purchased there but not actually originating from the place. As Chancey points out, the item may have originated from Samaria or Asia Minor. In Craig A. Evans’ (a prominent Christian evangelical New Testament scholar) estimation, the slab of marble bearing the inscription is not from Nazareth at all:
“The very interesting “Nazareth Inscription” (SEG VIII 13), which records Caesar’s decree against grave robbery and vandalism, though discovered in Nazareth, is in fact of unknown provenance. In all probability it had not been set up in or near Nazareth.” [5]
The article by Smith Jr. and many other such missionary articles would have us believe that the inscription bears Roman law imposed around the time after Jesus’ death as a response to the disappearance of his body entombed in his sepulcher. The Roman emperors who supposedly enacted this law at the time was supposedly either Tiberius or Claudius but the conservative scholar F. F. Bruce questions the latter ascription and De Zulueta seems to have doubts concerning the former. [6]
The fact of the matter is we do not know the inscription’s date, the Caesar’s identity and its true origin and this is poignantly stated by Allan Millard: “Its date is uncertain, the Caesar is not named, nor its origin known.” [7] Likewise, Craig Evans affirms that we do not know its date of origin:
“The date of the inscription is unknown, but most epigraphers think it is from the first century, though possibly just before the turn of the era.” [8]
Above all else, the decree or edict addresses Roman subjects that practise cultic ancestral worship as seen in the first line of the edict which reads οϊτινες είς θρησκείαν προγονων έποίησαν η τέκνων ηοίκείων (whoever has made them as a pious/cultic service/worship for ancestors or children or members of their house). The term used here is θρησκείαν and its application in the text denotes pagan worship of ancestors, children and other members of the household. This point is mentioned by Asst. Prof. of New Testament, International Theological Seminary in Los Angeles Joseph Park:
“An inscription which does explicitly mention the worship (θρησκείαν) of ancestors, children, and other members of the household is the “Nazareth Inscription” (SEG viii 13, 1st. cent.)…” [9]
Unless Christians wish to say that Jesus was worshipped through such pagan devotion, then the inscription has nothing to do with him. And the line specifically describe the entombed individual as an ancestor, a child or a member of the household of those that placed him in the grave or tomb. As far as the New Testament is concerned, none of Jesus’ family was involved in the burial of Jesus. The location and sepulcher was supposedly provided by a Joseph of Aramathea who was not a member of Jesus’ family but his disciple (John 19:38).
In sum, there is absolutely no evidence or proof, either textually or historically, that this inscription bears any bearing on Jesus or his alleged resurrection. The renowned Christian evangelist and conservative Norman Geisler together with Joseph Holden agrees with this conclusion:
“Since Nazareth was such a small village, scholars have conjectured that the edict may have been issued in response to the rumor passed on by authorities in Israel regarding the robbing of the grave of Jesus, but there is no certainty that the inscription is attached to the resurrection of Jesus the Messiah.” [10] (emphasis added)
One of the authorities on the inscription, Pieter William van der Horst writes: ” Franz Cumont, the first editor of the inscription (Un rescrit imperial sur la violation de sepulture, Revue historique 163 [1930] 241-266), suggested that, owing to the altercations between Jews and Christians over what had happened to the body of Jesus, and in order to prevent the occurrence of future disturbances arising from similar circumstances, Pilate inquired of Tiberius what should be done; the inscription would then be an extract of the emperor’s response, engraved on a slab of marble and set up at Nazareth where Jesus had lived and which had been hostile to him. This must be regarded as absolutely unproven.” [11] (emphasis added)
Notes:
* The article may be read here https://answersingenesis.org/archaeology/even-caesar-confirmed-resurrection
[1] Evans, C. A. (2016). ‘He laid him in a tomb’ (Mark 15.46): Roman Law and the Burial of Jesus. In Kristian A. Bendoraitis & Nijay K. Gupta (Eds.), Matthew and Mark Across Perspectives: Essays in Honor of Stephen C. Barton and William R. Telford. New York: Bloomsbury T&T Clark. p. 61
[2] Metzger, B. M. (1980). New Testament Studies: Philological, Versional, and Patristic. Leiden, The Netherlands: E. J. Brill. p. 77
[3] Ibid. pp. 75-76
[4] Chancey, M. A. (2005). Greco-Roman Culture and the Galilee of Jesus. New York: Cambridge University Press. p. 57
[5] Evans, C. A. (2008). Nazareth. In Craig A. Evans (Ed.), Encyclopedia of the Historical Jesus. New York: Routledge. p. 423
[6] Metzger, B. M. Op. Cit. p. 90; F. F. Bruce says, “too many uncertainties about the inscription to justify more than a tentative consideration of the possibility that it might have some bearing on the spread of Christianity in Claudius’ reign.” On it being from Tiberius, De Zulueta simply says that it is possible but questions whether it is probably from him: “a possibility that our rescript is part of Tiberius’ answer to Pilate, but probability is another matter.”
[7] Millard, A. (2000). Reading and Writing in the Time of Jesus. England: Sheffield Academic Press. p. 110
[8] Evans, C. A. (2016). Op. Cit. pp. 60-61
[9] Park. J. S. (2000). Conceptions of Afterlife in Jewish Inscriptions: With Special Reference to Pauline Literature. Tubingen, Germany: Mohr Siebeck. p. 20 fn. 19
[10] Holden, M. J. & Geisler, N. (2013). The Popular Handbook of Archaeology and the Bible. Eugene, Oregon: Harvest House Publishers. p. 363
[11] van der Horst, P. W. (1991). Ancient Jewish Epitaphs: An Introductory survey of a millennium of Jewish funerary epigraphy (300 BCE – 700 CE). Kampen, The Netherlands: Kok Phors Publishing House. p. 160

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